Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy

, Volume 21, Issue 6, pp 1269–1278 | Cite as

Local anaesthetics use does not suppress muscle activity following an ankle injection

  • David A. Stone
  • John P. AbtEmail author
  • Anthony J. House
  • Jonathan S. Akins
  • Jonathan J. Pederson
  • Karen A. Keenan
  • Scott M. Lephart



To determine if peroneus longus (PL), peroneus brevis (PB), medial gastrocnemius (MG) and tibialis anterior (TA) muscle activation patterns during inversion perturbation and running tasks are suppressed following lidocaine injection to the anterior talofibular (ATF) and calcaneofibular (CF) ligament regions.


Fourteen recreationally active male subjects (age, 24.8 ± 2.9 years; height, 177.0 ± 6.0 cm; mass, 77.7 ± 6.7 kg) participated. Testing was performed under five injection conditions to the ATF and CF regions: 1 ml saline, 1 ml lidocaine, 3 ml saline, 3 ml lidocaine or no injection. Following injection condition, traditional ankle taping was applied. Electromyography patterns of the PL, PB, MG and TA were collected while subjects performed continuous lateral jumps on a custom-built device which elicited an ankle inversion perturbation and treadmill running (3.35 m s−1, 0.5 % incline).


No significant differences were demonstrated in muscle activation patterns of the PL (n.s.), PB (n.s.), MG (n.s.) or TA (n.s.) for any variable across injected conditions during both tasks. Statistical power was 0.214–0.526 for the PL, 0.087–0.638 for the PB, 0.115–0.560 for the MG and 0.118–0.410 for the TA.


Injection of lidocaine up to 3 ml to the ATF and CF regions did not suppress muscle activity of the PL, PB, MG or TA during the inversion perturbation or running tasks. Injection up to 3 ml of 1 % lidocaine to the ATF and CF regions may be used without sacrificing the muscle activation patterns about the ankle. This finding is clinically relevant since the use of the injection does not put the patient at any higher risk of reinjury to the site.

Level of evidence



Ankle sprain Injection Anaesthetics EMG Perturbation 



The investigators wish to thank Bob and Gerri Martin for funding this research study.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • David A. Stone
    • 1
  • John P. Abt
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  • Anthony J. House
    • 4
  • Jonathan S. Akins
    • 5
  • Jonathan J. Pederson
    • 2
  • Karen A. Keenan
    • 2
  • Scott M. Lephart
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, School of MedicineUniversity of PittsburghPittsburghUSA
  2. 2.Neuromuscular Research Laboratory, Department of Sports Medicine and Nutrition, School of Health and Rehabilitation SciencesUniversity of PittsburghPittsburghUSA
  3. 3.Neuromuscular Research LaboratoryPittsburghUSA
  4. 4.Department of Exercise and Rehabilitation Sciences, College of Health, Environment, and ScienceSlippery Rock UniversitySlippery RockUSA
  5. 5.Neuromuscular Research Laboratory, Department of Bioengineering, Swanson School of EngineeringUniversity of PittsburghPittsburghUSA

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