Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy

, Volume 17, Issue 11, pp 1364–1367 | Cite as

Hallux valgus in patients with patellofemoral pain syndrome

  • Defne KayaEmail author
  • Ozgur Ahmet Atay
  • Michael J. Callaghan
  • Akin Cil
  • Omur Çağlar
  • Seyit Citaker
  • Inci Yuksel
  • Mahmut Nedim DoralEmail author


The aim of this study was to investigate the presence of hallux valgus (HV) in patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS). Ninety-nine patients with unilateral patellofemoral pain participated. The study was designed with each subject acting as their own internal control by using the unaffected limb for comparison. The HV and intermetatarsal angles were measured by weight-bearing anteroposterior radiographs in patients. Eighty-four out of 99 patients had an abnormal HV angle on the affected side and 78 of 99 patients had an abnormal HV angle on the unaffected side. There were significant differences in the HV angle between affected and unaffected sides (P = 0.003). This study is the first to demonstrate the relationship between HV and PFPS. Further comprehensive biomechanical studies are warranted to analyse the relationship between HV and PFPS.


Hallux valgus Intermetatarsal angle Patellofemoral pain syndrome 



This study was written when Defne Kaya attended as a researcher in Centre for Rehabilitation Science, University of Manchester in UK. The authors would like to thank Akin Üzümcügil, MD, Assis. of Prof. for his assistance in taking measurements. The authors did not receive grants or outside funding in support of their research or for the preparation of this manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Defne Kaya
    • 1
    • 3
    • 4
    Email author
  • Ozgur Ahmet Atay
    • 2
  • Michael J. Callaghan
    • 3
  • Akin Cil
    • 5
  • Omur Çağlar
    • 2
  • Seyit Citaker
    • 1
  • Inci Yuksel
    • 1
  • Mahmut Nedim Doral
    • 2
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.Orthopaedic Rehabilitation Unit, Department of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Health ScienceHacettepe UniversityAnkaraTurkey
  2. 2.Faculty of Medicine, Department of Orthopedics and TraumatologyHacettepe UniversityAnkaraTurkey
  3. 3.Centre for Rehabilitation ScienceUniversity of ManchesterManchesterUK
  4. 4.Department of Sports Medicine, Faculty of MedicineHacettepe UniversityAnkaraTurkey
  5. 5.Department of OrthopaedicsUniversity of Missouri-Kansas CityKansas CityUSA

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