Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy

, Volume 15, Issue 9, pp 1137–1143 | Cite as

Glenohumeral motion: review of measurement techniques

  • A. M. Hill
  • A. M. J. Bull
  • R. J. Dallalana
  • A. L. Wallace
  • G. R. Johnson
Shoulder

Abstract

Measurement of upper limb motion is problematic, not least because of the large range of path dependent description of motion of the joints, and the multiple non-cyclical unstandardised motion tasks measured. Furthermore, appreciation of shoulder motion specifically is obscured by overlying soft tissue. In order to satisfy the complexity of a clinically useful model of the movement of the joint, input data must be acquired from a set of pre-determined movements using a non-invasive technique with a high level of accuracy. Descriptive and predictive modeling of the glenohumeral joint requires input of high-fidelity data into a 6 degree of freedom representation, without which, the application of the tool is of limited clinical significance to the advancement of both operative and non-operative management of shoulder pathology. Electromagnetic, linkage and radiographic techniques have previously been used, however, an optimal solution is yet to be described.

Keywords

Kinematics Shoulder Tracking Measurement 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. M. Hill
    • 1
  • A. M. J. Bull
    • 1
  • R. J. Dallalana
    • 2
  • A. L. Wallace
    • 1
    • 2
  • G. R. Johnson
    • 3
  1. 1.Shoulder Bioengineering Group, Department of BioengineeringImperial College London, Sir Leon Bagrit CentreLondonUK
  2. 2.Shoulder UnitHospital of St. John and St. ElizabethLondonUK
  3. 3.School of Mechanical and Systems Engineering, Centre for Rehabilitation and Engineering StudiesUniversity of Newcastle upon TyneNewcastleUK

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