Development of a simple device for measurement of rotational knee laxity
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The goal of this study was to develop a new device for the measurement of rotational knee laxity and to measure intra-observer and inter-observer reliability in a cadaveric study. An array of established tools was utilized to design the device with a basis that consists of an Aircast Foam Walker™ boot. A load cell was attached to the boot with a handle bar for application of moments about the knee. An electromagnetic tracking system was used to record the motion of the tibia with respect to the femur. The total arc of motion ranged from 23° at full extension to 46° at 90° of knee flexion. The intra-tester ICCs ranged from 0.94 to 0.99. The ICC for inter-tester reliability ranged from 0.95 to 0.99. In summary, the new device for measurement of rotational knee laxity is simple, reliable, and can be used in a non-invasive fashion in the office or surgical suite document clinical outcome in terms of rotational knee laxity.
KeywordsACL Rotation Laxity Device Electromagnetic tracking Knee
The authors gratefully acknowledge the support of the Ferguson Laboratory, the Albert B. Ferguson Jr., M.D. Orthopedic Foundation, and Aircast Inc. for funding of this project. The authors would also like to acknowledge the mentorship by Dr. Lars G Gilbertson in the early stages of the project.
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