Surgical anatomy of the medial collateral ligament and the posteromedial capsule of the knee

  • A. B. Wymenga
  • J. J. Kats
  • J. Kooloos
  • B. Hillen


The supporting structures on the medial side of the knee consist of a superficial fascial layer (I), a deep capsular layer (III) with the deep medial collateral ligament in it and in between the superficial collateral ligament (layer II). The attachment sites of the different ligaments and the functions of the various ligamentous structures are described and suggestions for surgical repair are given.


Medial collateral ligament Knee Anatomy Function Operative treatment 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. B. Wymenga
    • 1
  • J. J. Kats
    • 1
  • J. Kooloos
    • 2
  • B. Hillen
    • 2
  1. 1.Orthopaedic DepartmentSt. MaartenskliniekGM NijmegenThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Department of AnatomyUniversity Medical CentreHB NijmegenThe Netherlands

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