Formal Aspects of Computing

, Volume 29, Issue 6, pp 1051–1086 | Cite as

Modeling and efficient verification of wireless ad hoc networks

  • Behnaz Yousefi
  • Fatemeh Ghassemi
  • Ramtin Khosravi
Original Article


Wireless ad hoc networks, in particular mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs), are growing very fast as they make communication easier and more available. However, their protocols tend to be difficult to design due to topology dependent behavior of wireless communication, and their distributed and adaptive operations to topology dynamism. Therefore, it is desirable to have them modeled and verified using formal methods. In this paper, we present an actor-based modeling language with the aim to model MANETs. We address main challenges of modeling wireless ad hoc networks such as local broadcast, underlying topology, and its changes, and discuss how they can be efficiently modeled at the semantic level to make their verification amenable. The new framework abstracts the data link layer services by providing asynchronous (local) broadcast and unicast communication, while message delivery is in order and is guaranteed for connected receivers. We illustrate the applicability of our framework through two routing protocols, namely flooding and AODVv2-11, and show how efficiently their state spaces can be reduced by the proposed techniques. Furthermore, we demonstrate a loop formation scenario in AODV, found by our analysis tool.


State-space reduction Mobile ad hoc network Ad hoc routing protocol Rebeca Actor-based language Model checking 


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Copyright information

© British Computer Society 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Behnaz Yousefi
    • 1
  • Fatemeh Ghassemi
    • 1
  • Ramtin Khosravi
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Electrical and Computer EngineeringUniversity of TehranTehranIran

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