Continuum Mechanics and Thermodynamics

, Volume 31, Issue 6, pp 1883–1909 | Cite as

Singularity-free defect mechanics for polar media

  • S. Mahmoud MousaviEmail author
Open Access
Original Article


We present singularity-free solution for cracks within polar media in which material points possess both position and orientation. The plane strain problem is addressed in this study for which the generalized continua including micropolar, nonlocal micropolar, and gradient micropolar elasticity theories are employed. For the first time, the variationally consistent boundary conditions are derived for gradient micropolar elasticity. Moreover, having reviewed the solution to line defects including glide edge dislocation and wedge disclination from the literature, the fields of a climb edge dislocation within micropolar, nonlocal micropolar and gradient micropolar elasticity are derived. This completes the collection of line defects needed for an inplane strain analysis. Afterward, as the main contribution, using both types of line defects (i.e., dislocation being displacement discontinuity and disclination being rotational discontinuity), the well-established dislocation-based fracture mechanics is systematically generalized to the dislocation- and disclination-based fracture mechanics of polar media for which we have three translations together with three rotations as degrees of freedom. Due to the application of the line defects, incompatible elasticity is employed throughout the paper. Cracks under three possible loadings including stress and couple stress components are analyzed, and the corresponding line defect densities and stress and couple stress fields are reported. The singular fields are obtained once using the micropolar elasticity, while nonlocal micropolar, and gradient micropolar elasticity theories give rise to singularity-free fracture mechanics.


Crack Inplane Dislocation Disclination Micropolar elasticity Gradient micropolar elasticity Nonlocal micropolar elasticity Nonsingular 



S. M. M. acknowledges financial support from the Starting Grant of the Swedish Research Council (2018-03636).


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Engineering and PhysicsKarlstad UniversityKarlstadSweden

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