Pattern optimization of eccentrically loaded multi-fastener joints

  • A. OinonenEmail author
  • P. Tanskanen
  • T. Björk
  • G. Marquis
Industrial Application


For structural joints subject to dynamic loading, the fatigue strength is controlled by local stresses. For steel plate structures joined with fasteners, fatigue is governed by local friction and slip near the fasteners. As a working hypothesis for this study, a “weakest link” approach has been adopted. An optimum fastener pattern is attained by reducing the shear load in the most severely loaded fastener in the group. In this study, a typical eccentric multi-fastener bracket-to-beam joint was studied using constrained geometric optimization. Alternate assumptions concerning the distribution of the direct shear force between fasteners in a group were assessed. An analytical expression for non-uniform direct shear force resulted in an optimized fastener pattern with approximately 20% lower von Mises equivalent strain. The comparative finite element method based topology optimization analysis resulted in a contour, which was in close agreement with the fastener pattern attained analytically by exploiting geometry optimization.


Fatigue design Multi-fastener joints Structural optimization Topology optimization Geometric optimization 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Oinonen
    • 1
    Email author
  • P. Tanskanen
    • 1
  • T. Björk
    • 1
  • G. Marquis
    • 2
  1. 1.Laboratory of Fatigue and StrengthLappeenranta University of TechnologyLappeenrantaFinland
  2. 2.Department of Applied MechanicsHelsinki University of TechnologyHelsinkiFinland

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