Journal of Population Economics

, Volume 26, Issue 1, pp 285–301

Effects of early maternal employment on maternal health and well-being

  • Pinka Chatterji
  • Sara Markowitz
  • Jeanne Brooks-Gunn
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s00148-012-0437-5

Cite this article as:
Chatterji, P., Markowitz, S. & Brooks-Gunn, J. J Popul Econ (2013) 26: 285. doi:10.1007/s00148-012-0437-5


This study uses data from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study on Early Child Care to examine the effects of maternal employment on maternal mental and overall health, self-reported parenting stress, and parenting quality. These outcomes are measured when children are 6 months old. Among mothers of 6-month-old infants, maternal work hours are positively associated with depressive symptoms and parenting stress and negatively associated with self-rated overall health. However, maternal employment is not associated with quality of parenting at 6 months, based on trained assessors’ observations of maternal sensitivity.


Maternal employment Maternal health Maternity leave Family leave 

JEL Classification

I1 I10 I12 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pinka Chatterji
    • 1
    • 4
  • Sara Markowitz
    • 2
    • 4
  • Jeanne Brooks-Gunn
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of EconomicsUniversity at AlbanyAlbanyUSA
  2. 2.Department of EconomicsEmory UniversityAtlantaUSA
  3. 3.National Center for Children and FamiliesColumbia UniversityNew YorkUSA
  4. 4.NBERCambridgeUSA

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