Journal of Population Economics

, Volume 24, Issue 2, pp 569–600

When nature rebels: international migration, climate change, and inequality

Original Paper


We study climate change and international migration in a two-country overlapping generations model with endogenous climate change. Our main findings are that climate change increases migration; small impacts of climate change have significant impacts on the number of migrants; a laxer immigration policy increases long-run migration, aggravates climate change, and increases north–south inequality if climate change impacts are not too small; and a greener technology reduces emissions, long-run migration, and inequality if the migrants’ impact to overall climate change is large. The preference over the policies depends on whether the policy maker targets inequality, wealth, the environment, or the number of migrants.


Climate change Migration North–South model 

JEL Classification

F22 J61 O13 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CREA, Faculty of Law, Economics and FinanceUniversity of LuxembourgLuxembourgLuxembourg
  2. 2.IRES, Department of Economics and FinanceUniversité catholique de LouvainLouvain-la-NeuveBelgium
  3. 3.Department of EconomicsEcole PolytechniqueParisFrance
  4. 4.Department of EconomicsUniversity of TrierTrierGermany

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