Journal of Population Economics

, Volume 22, Issue 3, pp 773–802 | Cite as

Links between labor supply and unemployment: theory and empirics

  • Etienne Wasmer


A flow model of labor market participation is used to describe how various exogenous variations jointly affect unemployment and participation and provides short-run identification restrictions of a structural VAR. In some countries, fast rising female participation may have had a moderate short- and medium-run impact on unemployment rates. A variance decomposition exercise indicates that, in Continental Europe, participation is driven in the short run by unemployment shocks, whereas in the USA, it is driven by participation shocks (demography, immigration). Unemployment in Europe is driven by participation shocks, whereas in the USA, it is driven by unemployment shocks.


Unemployment Labor market participation Female participation 

JEL Classification

J1 J6 E24 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Sciences-Po Paris, OFCE, IZA and CEPRParisFrance

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