Journal of Population Economics

, Volume 20, Issue 4, pp 805–832 | Cite as

The mismatch between employment and child care in Italy: the impact of rationing

  • Daniela Del Boca
  • Daniela Vuri


In Italy the women’s participation is among the lowest in Europe. The female employment rate stands almost 13 percentage points below the EU average and 22 below the Lisbon target. One of the most important reasons is related to the characteristics of child care system. We analyze the characteristics of the child care system in Italy and its relationship to the labor market participation decision of mothers. The two decisions are jointly considered in a discrete choice framework, which also allows for simple forms of rationing. We go on to estimate a bivariate probit model of the child care and employment decisions and find evidence that rationing is an important factor in interpreting price effects on utilization rates and employment decisions.


Labor market decisions Fertility Child care 


J2 C3 D1 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of EconomicsUniversity of TurinTurinItaly
  2. 2.SEFEMEQ Department, Faculty of EconomicsUniversity of Rome “Tor Vergata”RomeItaly
  3. 3.CESifoMunichGermany
  4. 4.Collegio Carlo AlbertoMoncalieriItaly
  5. 5.CHILDTurinItaly
  6. 6.IZABonnGermany

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