Journal of Population Economics

, Volume 18, Issue 4, pp 603–629 | Cite as

Shifts in attitudes and labor market discrimination: Swedish experiences after 9-11

Original Paper

Abstract

We present longitudinal survey data suggesting that the terrorist attacks in the USA on September 11, 2001, changed attitudes toward certain minorities in Sweden. This finding is consistent with results in previous studies. To investigate whether this change in attitudes also affected the labor market situation of these minorities, we study unemployment exit around 9-11 using detailed data on the entire Swedish working-age population. Contrary to what may be expected from many theories of labor market discrimination, the time pattern of exits and entries for different ethnic groups, as well as difference-in-differences analyses, shows no sign of increased discrimination toward these minorities. A possible explanation for this result is that employers act rationally in their hiring decisions and do not respond to changes in attitudes toward immigrants as a group.

Keywords

Ethnic discrimination Exit from unemployment 

JEL Classification

J64 J71 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.IFAU (Institute for Labour Market Policy Evaluation)UppsalaSweden
  2. 2.Kalmar UniversityKalmarSweden

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