Journal of Population Economics

, Volume 19, Issue 1, pp 71–97

The effect of longevity on schooling and fertility: evidence from the Brazilian Demographic and Health Survey

Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s00148-005-0018-y

Cite this article as:
Soares, R.R. J Popul Econ (2006) 19: 71. doi:10.1007/s00148-005-0018-y


This paper presents microevidence on the effect of adult longevity on schooling and fertility. Higher longevity is systematically associated with higher schooling and lower fertility. The paper looks at the 1996 Brazilian Demographic and Health Survey and constructs an adult longevity variable based on the mortality history of the respondent's family. Families with histories of high adult mortality in previous generations have systematically higher fertility and lower schooling. These effects are not associated with omitted variables and remain unchanged after a large array of factors is accounted for (demographic characteristics, family-specific child mortality, regional development, socioeconomic status, etc.).


Longevity Schooling Fertility 

JEL Classification

I10 I20 J13 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of MarylandCollege ParkUSA
  2. 2.Catholic University of Rio de JaneiroRio de JaneiroBrazil

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