Journal of Population Economics

, Volume 18, Issue 4, pp 719–740 | Cite as

Explaining trends in UK immigration

Original Paper

Abstract

Since the 1970s Britain has gone from being a country of net emigration to one of net immigration, with a trend increase in immigration of more than 100,000 per year. This paper represents the first attempt to model the variations in net migration for British and for foreign citizens, across countries and over time. A simple economic model, which includes the selection effects of differing income distributions at home and abroad, largely accounts for the variations in the data. The results suggest that although improved economic performance in the UK relative to overseas has tended to increase immigration, rising UK inequality has had an even larger effect. Immigration policies at home and abroad have also increased net immigration, particularly in the 1990s.

Keywords

Immigration Emigration Immigration policy 

JEL

F22 J61 J78 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of EssexColchesterUK
  2. 2.School of Economics, Faculty of Economics and CommerceAustralian National UniversityCanberraAustralia

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