Advertisement

AI & SOCIETY

, Volume 33, Issue 1, pp 81–89 | Cite as

Community Media 4 Kenya: a partnership approach to building collective intelligence

  • Peter DayEmail author
Original Article

Abstract

Collective intelligence for the common good is considered here in terms of its contribution to social transformation at the micro level of community. A critical evaluation of the knowledge limitations of research programmes currently focussing on collective intelligence is presented before the case is made to widen collective intelligence research efforts and understanding. The application of a ‘common good’ focus to collective intelligence research and practice provides a contextualising space for community practice in the digital age to be considered through a philosophy of community technologies. Community media is presented as providing tools, spaces and processes for such critical considerations to be made. Community learning and community-based learning theories are discussed and drawn together to illustrate how community–university partnerships can be developed to facilitate and promote collective intelligence for the common good. The paper concludes with an introductory discussion of the Community Media 4 Kenya (CM4K) community–university partnership as an exemplar of collective intelligence for the common good.

Keywords

Collective intelligence Common good Community ICT philosophy Community–university partnerships Community learning Community-based learning Community media CM4K 

References

  1. Annette J (2002) Service learning in an international context in frontiers: the interdisciplinary journal of study abroad, pp 83–93. http://www.frontiersjournal.com/issues/vol8/vol8-01_annette.pdf. Accessed 26 Jan 2014
  2. Al-Hakim L (ed) (2008) Business web strategy: design, alignment, and application: design, alignment, and application. IGI Global, Hershey, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  3. Batson CD, Ahmad N, Tsang J (2002) Four motives for community involvement. J Soc Issues 58(3):429– 445Google Scholar
  4. Bringle RG, Hatcher JA (2009) Innovative practices in service learning and curricular engagement. New Directions for Higher Education 2009(147). http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com.ezproxy.brighton.ac.uk/doi/10.1002/he.356/pdf. Accessed 07 Jan 13
  5. Castells M (2010) The culture of real virtuality: The integration of electronic communication, the end of the mass audience, and the rise of interactive networks. The rise of the network society: with a new preface, vol I, second edition with a new preface. Wiley, Blackwell, Oxford, pp 355–406Google Scholar
  6. Clark LS (2013) Cultivating the media activist: how critical media literacy and critical service learning can reform journalism education. Journalism 14(7):885–903. Sage, LondonGoogle Scholar
  7. Cleary B, Simons L (2006) The influence of service learning on students’ personal and social development. Coll Teach 54(4):307–327CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Day P (2001) Participating in the information society: community development and social inclusion. In: Keeble L, Loader BD (eds) Community informatics: shaping computer mediated social relations. Routledge, London, pp 305–323Google Scholar
  9. Day P (2009) An engagement strategy for community network research and design. In: Whitworth B, de Moor A (eds) Handbook of research on socio-technical design & social networking systems, Ch VI. IGI Global, HersheyGoogle Scholar
  10. Day P (2011) Community-based learning: A model for higher education and community partnerships. J Community Inf 7(3). http://ci-journal.net/index.php/ciej/article/view/805/786. Accessed: 23 Feb 2014
  11. Day P, Farenden C (2007) Participatory learning workshops (PLWs): community learning environments situated in community contexts and content. In: Proceedings of Communities and Action: Prato CIRN Conference 2007. Melbourne: Community Informatics Research Network, Monash UniversityGoogle Scholar
  12. Day P, Schuler D (2006) Community practice in the network society: pathways toward civic intelligence. In: Purcell P (ed) Networked neighbourhoods: the connected community in context. Springer, London, pp 19–46CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Day P, Khan NS, Hewetson N (2009) Development informatics & empowerment: voices of community development. In: Paper submitted to digitally empowering communities: learning from development informatics practice. 3rd International Development Informatics Association (IDIA) conference, 28–30 October, 2009. Berg-en-dal Camp, Kruger National Park, South AfricaGoogle Scholar
  14. Day P et al. (2014) Partnership education: action research & learning scenarios (PEARLS)—community-based learning through empowered voices. In: Conference proceeding—6th living knowledge conference, Copenhagen 9–11th April 2014. pp 66–87. http://www.livingknowledge.org/lk6/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/LK6_Full-paper-book_April-2014.pdf. Accessed 05 Apr 16
  15. Eyler S (2002) Reflection: linking service and learning-linking students and communities. J Soc Issues 59(3):517–534CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Fisheries & Agriculture Department (2004) Report of the first session of the Working Party on Human Capacity. http://www.fao.org/docrep/007/y5568e/y5568e04.htm. Accessed 06 June 16
  17. Flynn R (2007) Risk and the public acceptance of new technologies. In: Flynn R, Bellaby P (eds) Risk and the public acceptance of new technologies. Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke, pp 1–27Google Scholar
  18. Galbraith JK (1994) The Good Society Considered: the economic dimension. Journal of Law and Society. [Annual Lecture—St. David’s Hall, Cardiff. 26/1/94]. Cardiff Law School, CardiffGoogle Scholar
  19. Gardner H (1993) Frames of mind: the theory of multiple intelligences. Fontana, LondonGoogle Scholar
  20. Giddens A (1993) Sociology, 2nd edn. Polity, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  21. Haslanger S (2015) What is a (social) structural explanation? Philos Stud. doi: 10.1007/s11098-014-0434-5. Accessed 05 Apr 16
  22. Hiltz SR, Turoff M (1978) The network nation: human communication via computer. Addison-Wesley, ReadingGoogle Scholar
  23. Illich I (1990) Tools for conviviality. Marion Boyars, LondonGoogle Scholar
  24. Kiely R (2005) A transformative learning model for service-learning: a longitudinal case study. Michigan J Community Serv Learn:5–22Google Scholar
  25. Luckin R et al (2007) Learner-Generated Contexts: sustainable learning pathways through open content. In: Proceedings of OpenLearn: researching open content in education, pp 90–94. http://learnergeneratedcontexts.pbworks.com/f/Olearnpaper2007.pdf. Accessed 03 Apr 16
  26. Lévy P (1997) Intelligence collective. English. Collective intelligence: mankind’s emerging world in cyberspace/Pierre Lévy; translated from French by Robert Bononno. Plenum Trade, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  27. Malone TW (2006) What is collective intelligence and what will we do about it? [Online]. MIT. Center for Collective Intelligence. http://p2pfoundation.net/What_is_Collective_Intelligence. Accessed 05 Apr 16
  28. Malone T, Laubacher R, Dellarocas C (2009) Harnessing crowds: mapping the genome of collective intelligence [Online]. Cambridge, MIT Center for Collective Intelligence. http://cci.mit.edu/publications/CCIwp2009-01.pdf. Accessed 05 Apr 16
  29. Martin A, Seblonka K, Tryon E (2009) The challenge of short term service learning. In: Stoecker R, Tryon, Hilgendorf A (eds) The unheard voices: community organisations and service learning. Temple University Press, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  30. McPHAIL T (ed) (2009) Development communication: reframing the role of the media. Wiley-Blackwell, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  31. Mezirow J (1991) Transformative dimensions of adult learning. Jossey-Bass, San FranciscoGoogle Scholar
  32. Miorandi D, Maggi L (2014) “Programming” social collective intelligence. IEEE Technol Soc Mag 2014:55–61Google Scholar
  33. Mouffe C (1991) Democratic citizenship and the political community, in collective, MT community at loose ends. University Of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, pp 70–82Google Scholar
  34. Nielsen C (2002) Community learning: creating a sustainable future through critical awareness. Development Bulletin, vol 58, pp 102–105. Special issue: Environmental Sustainability and Poverty Reduction: Pacific Issues, edited by Pamela Thomas. https://crawford.anu.edu.au/rmap/devnet/devnet/db-58.pdf. Accessed 23 Feb 2014
  35. Packham C (2008) Empowering youth and community work practice. Learning Matters, ExeterGoogle Scholar
  36. Schuler D (1996) New community networks: wired for change. Addison-Wesley, HarlowGoogle Scholar
  37. Schuler D (2001) Cultivating society’s {civic intelligence}: patterns for a new “world brain”. J Soc Inf Comm 4(2):157–181CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Schuler D (2008) Liberating voices—a pattern language for communication revolution. MIT, MassachusettsGoogle Scholar
  39. Schuler D (2014) Pieces of civic intelligence: towards a capacities framework. E-Learn Digit Media 11(5):518–529CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Sclove R (1995) Democracy and technology. The Guilford, LondonGoogle Scholar
  41. Shirky C (2008) Here comes everybody: the power of organizing without organizations. Allen Lane, LondonGoogle Scholar
  42. Smith J (1994) Collective intelligence in computer-based collaboration. Lawrence Erlbaum, HillsdaleGoogle Scholar
  43. Smith TW (1999) Aristotle on the conditions for and limits of the common good. Am Polit Sci Rev 93(3):625–636CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Taylor FW (1911) Principles of scientific management. Harper & Row, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  45. Werner CM, Voce C, Openshaw KG, Simons M (2002) Designing service-learning to empower students and community: Jackson elementary builds a nature study center. J Soc Issues 58(3):557–579CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Williamson A, Sande M (2014) From arrogance to intimacy: a handbook for active democracy. Democratise/Preera, London/GothenburgGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CM4K, School of MediaUniversity of BrightonBrightonEngland, UK

Personalised recommendations