, Volume 33, Issue 3, pp 447–452 | Cite as

Cyberculture, symbiosis, and syncretism

  • Luís Moniz PereiraEmail author
Open Forum


The impact of Cyberculture, of digital devices on young people as extensions of the body, can be seen in terms of the decreasing structuring of thoughts and information, increasing impulsivity in perception and action, and the development of more primitive defense mechanisms. These adverse impacts result in the feeling of isolation and devaluation, frustration of present and uncertainty of the future, exteriorization and floating identities, mimetic and adhesive identifications, less cohesion of the self, and decreasing tolerance of the other. This paper focuses on the following themes: Symbiosis versus syncretism: The affirmations of symbiosis. The dilutions of syncretism. Synopsis: Too much syncretism, too little symbiosis. Lack of a deeper co-construction of knowledge, more lasting, and sustainable. Lack of increased more independent personal cognitive deepening. Lack of ability to be alone. Causality and free will: Symbiotic versus syncretic causality. Conclusions: Cyber-selfs—either distributed or not at all?


Cybernetics Cyberculture Symbiosis Syncretism 



The author thanks the comments of João Vasconcelos Costa, Graça Figueiredo Dias, António Lopes and Jeffrey White. The support of FCT/MEC NOVA LINCS PEst UID/CEC/04516/2013 is manifested.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.NOVA Laboratory for Computer Science and Informatics (NOVA LINCS), Departmento de Informática, Faculdade de Ciências e TecnologiaUniversidade Nova de LisboaCaparicaPortugal

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