, Volume 31, Issue 1, pp 5–15

Effects of lying in practical Turing tests

Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s00146-013-0534-3

Cite this article as:
Warwick, K. & Shah, H. AI & Soc (2016) 31: 5. doi:10.1007/s00146-013-0534-3


Interpretation of utterances affects an interrogator’s determination of human from machine during live Turing tests. Here, we consider transcripts realised as a result of a series of practical Turing tests that were held on 23 June 2012 at Bletchley Park, England. The focus in this paper is to consider the effects of lying and truth-telling on the human judges by the hidden entities, whether human or a machine. Turing test transcripts provide a glimpse into short text communication, the type that occurs in emails: how does the reader determine truth from the content of a stranger’s textual message? Different types of lying in the conversations are explored, and the judge’s attribution of human or machine is investigated in each test.


Deception detection Hidden human interviewer Lying Machine Truth Turing test 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Systems EngineeringUniversity of ReadingReadingUK

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