Computationally Secure Oblivious Transfer
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We describe new computationally secure protocols of 1-out-of-N oblivious transfer, k-out-of-N oblivious transfer, and oblivious transfer with adaptive queries. The protocols are very efficient compared with solutions based on generic two-party computation or on information-theoretic security. The 1-out-of-N oblivious transfer protocol requires only log N executions of a 1-out-of-2 oblivious transfer protocol. The k-out-of-N protocol is considerably more efficient than k repetitions of 1-out-of-N oblivious transfer, as is the construction for oblivious transfer with adaptive queries. The efficiency of the new oblivious transfer protocols makes them useful for many applications. A direct corollary of the 1-out-of-N oblivious transfer protocol is an efficient transformation of any Private Information Retrieval protocol to a Symmetric PIR protocol.
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