Intensive Care Medicine

, Volume 45, Issue 12, pp 1830–1831 | Cite as

Weaning failure due to left ventricular non-compaction myocardium

  • Francesco CorradiEmail author
  • Claudia Brusasco
  • Carmelo Vullo
  • Francesco Forfori
Imaging in Intensive Care Medicine


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflicts of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

Ethical approval

The present manuscript has been approved by the local ethics committee: Approval number 2019/25744.

Supplementary material

134_2019_5737_MOESM1_ESM.avi (116.7 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (AVI 119524 kb). Mid-esophageal four chamber view. At 0°, the imaging plane is directed anteriorly from the esophagus through the heart, and the patient’s right side is presented on the left of the image display. Numerous trabeculations and deep recesses are appreciable in the mid-ventricular and apical segments of the left ventricle
134_2019_5737_MOESM2_ESM.avi (25.3 mb)
Supplementary material 2 (AVI 25951 kb). Deep transgastric apical short-axis view of the left ventricle. Its possible to appreciate the visual differentiation of the characteristic two-layered structure consisting of a compacted outer (epicardial) layer and a thick, non-compacted inner (endocardial) layer. Color-Doppler ultrasonography shows prominent trabeculations with deep recesses communicating with the cavity of the left ventricle (empting and filling with blood)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Anaesthesia and Intensive Care UnitE.O. Ospedali GallieraGenoaItaly
  2. 2.Department of Surgical, Medical and Molecular Pathology and Critical Care MedicineUniversity of PisaPisaItaly
  3. 3.Unit of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia and Intensive Care, Department of Anesthesia and Critical Care MedicinePisa University HospitalPisaItaly

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