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Intensive Care Medicine

, Volume 45, Issue 11, pp 1684–1685 | Cite as

Understanding blood gas analysis

  • Thomas ZiegenfußEmail author
  • Rolf Zander
Correspondence

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflicts of interest

On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that the authors have no conflict of interest.

References

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    Gattinoni L, Pesenti A, Matthay M (2018) Understanding blood gas analysis. Intensive Care Med 44:91–93CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Lang W, Zander R (2002) The accuracy of calculated base excess in blood. Clin Chem Lab Med 40:404–410CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Siggaard-Andersen O, Engel K (1960) A new acid-base nomogram: an improved method for the calculation of the relevant blood acid-base data. Scand J Clin Investig 12:177–186CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards (NCCLS) Document C12-T2 (1991) Definitions of quantities and conventions related to blood pH and gas analysis, 2nd edn, vol. 11, no. 18. NCCLS, Villanova, pp 1–7Google Scholar
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    Zander R, Lang W (2004) Base excess and strong ion difference: clinical limitations related to inaccuracy. Anesthesiology 100:459–460CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care MedicineSt. Josef KrankenhausMoersGermany
  2. 2.MainzGermany

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