Statement paper on diversity for the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine (ESICM)
Diversity has become a key-strategic element of success in various political and economic fields. The European Society of Intensive Care Medicine (ESICM) decided to make diversity a key strategic priority for the future and appointed a Task-Force on this topic.
In a consensus process, three Working-Groups, nominated by Task-Force members, developed statements on strategic future topics. In addition, diversity-related data available from the membership database have been analyzed and reported in aggregated form.
The Task-Force decided to nominate working groups on (1) “sex, gender identity and sexual orientation”, (2) “ethnicity, culture and socio-economic status”, and (3) “multiprofessionalism”. These are the first prioritized topics for the near future. The first diversity-report shows targetable items in all three domains.
The diversity Task-Force defined actionable items for a one- and three-year plan that are especially aiming at the identification of potential gaps and an implementation of concrete projects for members of the ESICM.
KeywordsDiversity Female Male Intensive care medicine Critical care Society Culture
Equity policies have proven successful from a socio-economic and business point of view. Considering gender, for example, a larger proportion of women and LGBTQI + has been shown to increase productivity, employee satisfaction and success [1, 2]. This example can possibly be translated to the medical context with increased representation among leadership structures, faculty members and other aspects [3, 4, 5, 6].
The concept of “success through diversity” acknowledges that diversity as a whole is an instrument to improve processes and outcomes. It has been embraced politically and operationally by most multinational companies [1, 2]. Conversely, within medical societies, very few structured strategies exist that actively embrace and promote diversity. In recent years, however, the diversity gap has been recognised in most professional fields [7, 8, 9, 10].
The European Society of Intensive Care Medicine (ESICM) has more than 9000 members from more than 115 countries and is one of the largest professional intensive care societies globally. The ESICM Executive Committee (EC) declared the issue of diversity and equity a key strategic priority. The EC unanimously decided to appoint a task force (TF) according to the procedure outlined in the ESICM Internal Operating Instructions  (C.,1.2, s.f. e-supplement 3). Members of the TF were selected to represent the different core divisions of the society (s.f. e-supplement 3).
This statement paper introduces the structure and strategic plans of the ESICM diversity taskforce and summarises the current diversity metrics of ESICM.
ESICM 2018 diversity report
Statements on diversity in ESICM
Following a round table discussion, three working groups were established and were asked to craft consensus statements. Further details on the composition of the TF and WGs can be found in e-supplement 3.
WG 1: “sex, gender identity and sexual orientation”
The WG will address gender imbalances in ESICM activities at all levels, including governing bodies, convening committees, panels, faculty and professional documents. The ESICM should aim for gender representation according to the gender proportion in the critical care medicine workforce. For example, this would translate to female representation of at least 30–40%. The WG recommends public reporting on the process of panel composition for ESICM-sponsored documents and activities. The WG will develop a plan to improve female representation if targets are not met. A voluntary database of speakers, educators and researchers within specific areas may aid organisers to identify meritorious participants. The WG will promote and establish family-friendly conference facilities to encourage participation of faculty and delegates with young children.
WG 2: “ethnicity, culture and socio-economic status”
The WG will address potential and actual issues related to ethnicity, cultural diversity and socio-economic status within the ESICM. It will promote adequate representation of ethnic minority groups and inclusion of members regardless of their geolocation, origin, cultural or socio-economic background. All members should be granted full access to educational and academic programmes delivered by the Society. The WG will review educational and research programmes as well as standard operating procedures (SOPs)  to ensure their suitability/adaptability for different cultural contexts. If required, the WG will suggest adaptations. The WG is committed to ensuring that effective care is provided to critically ill patients worldwide regardless of demographics and limited only by local medical capabilities. The ESICM commits to endorsing activities and opportunities that are intended to meet this aim.
WG 3: “multi-professionalism”
The WG subscribes to the ESICM Objectives, Aims and Missions as a route to ensure critically ill patients receive the best possible care. All healthcare professionals (HCP) possess knowledge, skills and expertise that contribute to optimal patient care. However, no individual profession possesses all the necessary attributes on its own to deliver optimal patient care. The WG will ensure that all aspects of critical care practice are fully represented and available to the organisation by (1) removing organisational barriers to all HCPs, (2) encouraging recruitment/growing membership of under-represented HCPs, (3) building bridges with other professional bodies and (4) delivering cross-professional education and research.
Goals and future perspective
The ESICM diversity taskforce’s major aim is to improve the framework conditions to identify and overcome potential barriers and thus promote balanced opportunities to all its members regardless of sex, gender identity, sexual orientation, ethnicity, country of origin, cultural affiliation, religion, socio-economic status or profession. The ESICM recognises that inequity is unarguably accompanied by major loss of potentially important contributions and impedes excellence in science and patient care. Merit should determine the professional prospects of the members of the ESICM. Therefore, the ESICM will act to ensure that this is the criterion upon which decisions are made regarding election, promotion and nomination for any position or award. The ESICM has convened a taskforce to correct gaps in opportunities and representation regardless of whether these are coincidental or intended. The taskforce will focus on three central topics, each of which will be addressed by a scientific working group. Concrete actions to be taken within 1 and 3 years can be found in “Box 1”. These include research projects to identify gaps, the amendment of selection processes, standard operating procedures (SOPs) and a diversity policy that will be framed and reported. An annual ESICM diversity report will be published on the website to ensure transparency as a symbol of commitment to this issue and the topic will be an agenda item at the annual general assembly meeting (s.f. Box 1 in Appendix).
Finally, the taskforce and actions taken by the ESICM will be subject to the oversight of external expert advisors; their advice will be sought regarding the means to address these issues properly. The external advisory group will summarise the diversity taskforce meetings to allow a constant feedback mechanism. The future composition of the diversity taskforce will be formalised in the SOPs and will focus on representing the core columns of the society as well as target adequate representation of subgroups and minorities within ESICM.
Task Force and Working Groups for Diversity and Equality of the ESICM. Writing Group: Weiss B, Chair of the ESICM Diversity Task Force, NEXT committee chair, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Corporate member of Freie Universität Berlin, Humboldt Universität zu Berlin, and Berlin Institute of Health, Department for Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine Campus Charité Mitte and Campus Virchow-Klinikum, Berlin, Germany. Prisco L, Co-Chair of the ESICM Diversity Task Force, past-NEXT committee chair, Neurosciences Intensive Care Unit, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, UK; Nuffield Department of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Oxford, UK. Boulanger C, Co-Chair of WG-3 “Multi Professionalism”, Royal Devon & Exeter Foundation Trust, Department of Critical Care, Exeter, UK. Einav S, Co-Chair of WG-2 “Ethnicity, Culture and Socio-Economic Status”, The General Intensive Care Unit of the Shaare Zedek Medical Centre and the Hebrew University Faculty of Medicine, Jerusalem, Israel. Gruber P, Co-Chair of WG-3 “Multi Professionalism”, The Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust, Department of Critical Care, London, UK. Laake JH, Co-Chair of WG-1 “Sex, gender-identity and sexual-orientation”, Department of Anaesthesiology, Division of Critical Care and Emergencies, Rikshospitalet Medical Centre, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway. Mehta S, Co-Chair of WG-1 “Sex, gender-identity and sexual-orientation”, Sinai Health System; Interdepartmental Division of Critical Care Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada. Ostermann M, Co-Chair of WG-2 “Ethnicity, Culture and Socio-Economic Status”, King’s College London, Guy’s & St Thomas’ Hospital, Department of Critical Care, London, UK. Antonelli M, Past President, Task Force member, Dept. of Anesthesiology Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli IRCCS - Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Rome, Italy. Ben Nun M, Working-Group member, Rabin Medical Center, General Intensive Care Unit, Petach Tikva, Israel. Bollen Pinto B, Working-Group member, Department of Anaesthesiology, Pharmacology and Intensive Care, Geneva University Hospitals, Genève, Switzerland. Borkowska M, Working-Group member, Surgical Intensive Care Unit—Ghent University Hospital, Ghent, Belgium. Borthwick M, Working-Group member, Departments of Pharmacy and Critical Care, Oxford University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Oxford, UK. Cecconi M, President Elect, Task Force member, Department Anaesthesia and Intensive Care Units, IRCCS Istituto Clinico Humanitas, Humanitas University, Milan, Italy. Costa-Pinto R, Working-Group member, Department of Intensive Care, Austin Hospital, Melbourne, Australia. Derde LPG, Working-Group member, Department of Intensive Care Medicine, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands. Forni LG, Royal Surrey County NHS Foundation Trust, Critical Care, Guilford, UK. Galazzi A, Working-Group member, Critical Care Department, Foundation IRCCS Ca’ Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milan, Italy. Girbes A, Chair of the Division of Scientific Affairs, Task Force member, Department of Intensive Care, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Herridge M, Task Force member, Interdepartmental Division of Critical Care Medicine, University of Toronto; Department of Medicine, University Health Network, Toronto, ON, Canada. Hofsø K, Working-Group member, Department of Research and Development, Division of Emergencies and Critical Care, Oslo University Hospital Norway, Lovisenberg Diaconal University College, Oslo Norway. Juffermans NP, Task Force member, Amsterdam UMC, Department of Intensive Care and Laboratory of Experimental Intensive Care and Anesthesiology, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Kesecioglu J, President, Task Force member, Department of Intensive Care Medicine, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands. Lobo-Valbuena B, Working-Group member, Intensive Care Unit, Hospital Universitario del Henares, Coslada, Madrid, Spain. Machado FR, Task Force member, Federal University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil. Mekontso Dessap A, Working-Group member, AP-HP, Hôpitaux Universitaires Henri Mondor, Service de Réanimation Médicale, Créteil, France. Metaxa V, Working-Group member, Honorary Senior Clinical Lecturer in Critical Care, Department of Critical Care Medicine, King’s College Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK. Myatra SN, Task Force member, Department of Anaesthesiology, Critical Care and Pain, Tata Memorial Hospital, Homi Bhabha National Institute University, Mumbai, India. Olusanya O, Working-Group member, Department of Critical Care, St Mary’s Hospital, Imperial College Healthcare, NHS Trust, London, UK. Rosenthal M, Working Group member, Charité—Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Corporate member of Freie Universität Berlin, Humboldt Universität zu Berlin, and Berlin Institute of Health, Department for Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine Campus Charité Mitte and Campus Virchow-Klinikum, Berlin, Germany. Rygard SL, Working-Group member, Department of Intensive Care, Copenhagen University Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark. Schaller SJ, Working-Group member, Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Klinikum rechts der Isar, School of Medicine, Technical University of Munich, Germany. Underman K, Advisory Task Force member, Department of Sociology Center for Science, Technology and Society, Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA, USA. Wade DM, Working-Group member, Principal Health Psychologist, Critical Care Department, University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflicts of interest
On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest regarding the content of the manuscript.
An approval by an ethics committee was not applicable.
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