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Intensive Care Medicine

, Volume 44, Issue 6, pp 811–822 | Cite as

Perioperative myocardial injury and the contribution of hypotension

  • Daniel I. SesslerEmail author
  • Ashish K. Khanna
Review

Abstract

Mortality in the month following surgery is about 1000 times greater than anesthesia-related intraoperative mortality, and myocardial injury appears to be the leading cause. There is currently no known safe prophylaxis for postoperative myocardial injury, but there are strong associations among hypotension and myocardial injury, renal injury, and death. During surgery, the harm threshold is a mean arterial pressure of about 65 mmHg. In critical care units, the threshold appears to be considerably greater, perhaps 90 mmHg. The threshold triggering injury on surgical wards remains unclear but may be in between. Much of the association between hypotension and serious complications surely results from residual confounding, but sparse randomized data suggest that at least some harm can be prevented by intervening to limit hypotension. Reducing hypotension may therefore improve perioperative outcomes.

Keywords

Anesthesia Critical care Blood pressure Hypotension Myocardial injury Renal injury Mortality 

Notes

Author contributions

Both authors contributed to manuscript drafting and approved the final manuscript.

Funding

Supported by internal funds only. Dr. Sessler consults for Edwards Lifesciences; Dr. Khanna consults for La Jolla Pharmaceuticals.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature and ESICM 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Outcomes ResearchAnesthesiology Institute, Cleveland ClinicClevelandUSA
  2. 2.Departments of General Anesthesiology and Center for Critical CareAnesthesiology Institute, Cleveland ClinicClevelandUSA

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