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Intensive Care Medicine

, Volume 44, Issue 6, pp 932–935 | Cite as

Understanding cardiovascular physiology of ageing

  • Hans Flaatten
  • Elisabeth Skaar
  • Gavin M. Joynt
Understanding the Disease

Introduction

Ageing is not fully understood; however, a gradual deterioration of organ function will occur over the lifespan [1]. This leads to reduced reserves that might not affect older adults in daily life; however, when given intensive care (stress) old patients are more vulnerable to adverse events. Comorbid diseases are frequent, and separating effects of age from disease is difficult. This short narrative overview will describe the most important age-dependent changes in the cardiovascular system for the practising intensivist.

Changes in cardiac function

Altered cellular function, cardiac shape, plasticity and valvular stiffening all contribute to reduced cardiovascular reserve (Fig.  1).

Notes

Acknowledgements

Ms. Janet Fong is the artist who drew Fig. 1.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflicts of interest

On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature and ESICM 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive CareHaukeland University HospitalBergenNorway
  2. 2.Department of Clinical MedicineUniversity of BergenBergenNorway
  3. 3.Department of Heart DiseaseHaukeland University HospitalBergenNorway
  4. 4.Department of Clinical ScienceUniversity of BergenBergenNorway
  5. 5.Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive CarePrince of Wales Hospital, Chinese UniversityHong KongPeople’s Republic of China

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