Advertisement

Intensive Care Medicine

, Volume 44, Issue 8, pp 1329–1330 | Cite as

Lung point in the absence of pneumothorax

  • Thei S. Steenvoorden
  • Bashar Hilderink
  • Paul W. G. Elbers
  • Pieter R. Tuinman
Open Access
Imaging in Intensive Care Medicine

Keywords

Ultrasound Lung point Lung sliding Pneumothorax Asbestos 
Given a reported 100% specificity for the diagnosis of pneumothorax, the lung point has been considered a sign that cannot be mimicked. However, we now present a unique case of the presence of lung point in the absence of pneumothorax in a 75-year-old man admitted after coronary artery bypass graft (Fig. 1).
Fig. 1

a Lung point. The yellow arrow shows where lung sliding was absent. A single B-line, marked by the yellow asterisk, was present in the absence of lung sliding. The green arrow shows where lung sliding was present. b The M-mode of the lung point where the immobility of the affected lung alternates with the movement of the healthy lung which can be observed in the M-mode as stratosphere sign (yellow asterisk) alternating with seashore sign (green asterisk) respectively. c Post-operational chest X-ray showing pleural thickening. d Thoracic CT scan showing pre-existent asbestos-related pleural disease. The red arrows on the CT and X-ray indicate pleural thickening and calcification

Scanning at the right anterior third intercostal space showed absence of lung sliding (online video A), A-line and stratosphere sign indicating an A′-profile. Thus, a lung point was actively searched for and indeed found. Pneumothorax was ruled out by the presence of a B-line in the same view as the lung point (online video B), a post-operative chest X-ray and CT scan which indicated the pre-existence of asbestos-related pleural disease (Fig. 1a, c, d). We postulate that the healthy part of the lung moves unrestrictedly whereas the affected part is restricted, their transition resulting in a lung point. Another situation where lung point may be false positive is a ‘bleb’ point in bullous lung disease.

In conclusion, absent lung sliding and lung point can be observed in cases of pleural thickening and adhesion and may thus warrant revision of the perception that lung point is pathognomonic for pneumothorax.

Notes

Author contributions

TSS, BH, PWGE and PRT contributed substantially to the study design and the writing of the manuscript.

Compliance with ethical standards

Ethical approval

The commission for medical ethics (METc) of VUmc has approved this research: METC: 2016.053.

Informed consent

Written informed consent was given by the patient.

Conflicts of interest

The authors declare they have no conflict of interest relevant to this manuscript.

Supplementary material

Supplementary material 1 (MPG 1973 kb)

Supplementary material 2 (MPG 2356 kb)

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Open AccessThis article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/), which permits any noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thei S. Steenvoorden
    • 1
    • 2
  • Bashar Hilderink
    • 1
    • 2
  • Paul W. G. Elbers
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Pieter R. Tuinman
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Intensive Care Medicine, Research VUmc Intensive Care (REVIVE)VU University Medical Center AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Amsterdam Cardiovascular Sciences (ACS)AmsterdamThe Netherlands
  3. 3.Amsterdam Infection and Immunity Institute (AI&II)VU University Medical Center AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations