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Intensive Care Medicine

, Volume 42, Issue 3, pp 443–443 | Cite as

Severe hypercoagulable state on veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation

  • Ghislaine DoufléEmail author
  • Francesca Facchin
  • Shabana Anwar
  • Eddy Fan
Imaging in Intensive Care Medicine

Keywords

Pulmonary Edema Pericardial Effusion Plaque Rupture Hemodynamic Deterioration Hemodynamic Support 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

A previously healthy 49-year-old female presented to the emergency department with chest pain and was diagnosed with antero-lateral ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. Urgent coronary angiography demonstrated the presence of transient coronary thrombi in the left anterior descending and circumflex arteries with no obvious plaque rupture. Severe biventricular dysfunction was also noted.

During the angiogram, she became extremely hemodynamically unstable. She was intubated and the decision was made to initiate hemodynamic support with peripheral veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). Concurrently, acute thrombi had formed in both iliac arteries during the procedure. Initial echocardiography showed a moderate pericardial effusion without signs of tamponade, a virtually non-contracting heart and a closed aortic valve.

Due to severe coagulopathy, anticoagulation (normally commenced for ECMO) was withheld. On ICU day 2, abrupt hemodynamic deterioration with massive pulmonary edema prompted a repeat echocardiography, which demonstrated a massive thrombus filling the entire left ventricle (Fig. 1; Video 1). The presence of severe concomitant thrombosis and bleeding was deemed to be an inextricable situation, and after discussion with the patient’s next of kin, life support was discontinued.
Fig. 1

Transthoracic echocardiography. Subcostal view with massive thrombus filling the left ventricular cavity

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflicts of interest

On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

134_2015_4048_MOESM1_ESM.mov (1.5 mb)
Transthoracic echocardiography. Subcostal view with massive thrombus filling the left ventricular cavity (MOV 1550 kb)

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg and ESICM 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ghislaine Douflé
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Francesca Facchin
    • 1
    • 2
  • Shabana Anwar
    • 1
    • 2
  • Eddy Fan
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Interdepartmental Division of Critical Care MedicineUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada
  2. 2.Extracorporeal Life Support (ECLS) ProgramToronto General HospitalTorontoCanada

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