Intensive Care Medicine

, Volume 41, Issue 11, pp 1886–1894 | Cite as

Hemodynamic assessment of ventilated ICU patients with cardiorespiratory failure using a miniaturized multiplane transesophageal echocardiography probe

  • Emmanuelle Begot
  • François Dalmay
  • Caroline Etchecopar
  • Marc Clavel
  • Nicolas Pichon
  • Bruno Francois
  • Roberto Lang
  • Philippe VignonEmail author



To assess the feasibility, image quality, diagnostic accuracy, therapeutic impact and tolerance of diagnostic and hemodynamic assessment using a novel miniaturized multiplane transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) probe in ventilated ICU patients with cardiopulmonary compromise.

Study design

Prospective, descriptive, single-center study.


Fifty-seven ventilated patients with acute circulatory or respiratory failure were assessed, using a miniaturized multiplane TEE probe and a standard TEE probe used as reference, randomly by two independent experienced operators. Measurements of hemodynamic parameters were independently performed off-line by a third expert. Diagnostic groups of acute circulatory failure (n = 5) and of acute respiratory failure (n = 3) were distinguished. Hemodynamic monitoring was performed in 9 patients using the miniaturized TEE probe. TEE tolerance and therapeutic impact were reported.


The miniaturized TEE probe was easier to insert than the standard TEE probe. Despite lower imaging quality of the miniaturized TEE probe, the two probes had excellent diagnostic agreement in patients with acute circulatory failure (Kappa: 0.95; 95 % CI: 0.85–1) and with acute respiratory failure (Kappa: 1; 95 % CI: 1.0–1.0). Accordingly, therapeutic strategies derived from both TEE examinations were concordant (Kappa: 0.82; 95 % CI: 0.66–0.97). The concordance between quantitative hemodynamic parameters obtained with both TEE probes was also excellent. No relevant complication secondary to TEE probes insertion occurred.


Hemodynamic assessment of ventilated ICU patients with cardiopulmonary compromise using a miniaturized multiplane TEE probe appears feasible, well-tolerated, and relevant in terms of diagnostic information and potential therapeutic impact. Further larger-scale studies are needed to confirm these preliminary results.


Echocardiography Critical care echocardiography Transesophageal echocardiography Hemodynamic monitoring 



PV takes responsibility for the content of the manuscript, including the data and analysis. EB and PV: designed the study; acquired and interpreted the data; drafted and revised the manuscript. CE, MC, NP, BF: acquired the data; revised the manuscript. FD and RL: interpreted the data; revised the manuscript. All authors approved the final version of the manuscript.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflicts of interest

The miniaturized multiplane probe was lent by Philips Healthcare, which was not involved in data acquisition and analysis and did not take part in the manuscript drafting.

Supplementary material

134_2015_3998_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (200 kb)
Supplementary material 1: Blant-Altman plots depicting estimated bias and 95 % limits of agreement of comparisons of hemodynamic parameters measured with the miniaturized TEE probe and the standard TEE probe used as reference. (PDF 200 kb)
134_2015_3998_MOESM2_ESM.docx (12 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (DOCX 12 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg and ESICM 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Emmanuelle Begot
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • François Dalmay
    • 4
  • Caroline Etchecopar
    • 3
  • Marc Clavel
    • 1
    • 3
  • Nicolas Pichon
    • 1
    • 3
  • Bruno Francois
    • 1
    • 3
  • Roberto Lang
    • 5
  • Philippe Vignon
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Medical-Surgical ICU, Réanimation Polyvalente, CHU DupuytrenDupuytren University HospitalLimogesFrance
  2. 2.Faculty of MedicineUniversity of LimogesLimogesFrance
  3. 3.Inserm CIC1435LimogesFrance
  4. 4.Department of BiostatisticsINSERM UMR1094LimogesFrance
  5. 5.Department of Medicine, Section of CardiologyUniversity of ChicagoChicagoUSA

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