Intensive Care Medicine

, Volume 41, Issue 12, pp 2191–2192 | Cite as

Large pleural effusion leading to cardiac tamponade

  • Raphaël GiraudEmail author
  • Carlo Banfi
  • Karim Bendjelid
Imaging in Intensive Care Medicine


Pleural Effusion Pericardial Effusion Pleural Fluid Cardiac Tamponade Incremental Volume 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflicts of interest

The authors declare that no potential conflicts of interest exist with any companies/organizations whose products or services may be discussed in this article.

Supplementary material

Supplementary material 1: Transthoracic echocardiography, apical 4-chamber view showing a large pleural effusion leading to a diastolic right atrial collapse. (AVI 11906 kb)

Supplementary material 2: Transesophageal echocardiography, mid-esophageal 4-chamber view, 0° showing a large pleural effusion leading to a diastolic right atrial collapse. (AVI 84378 kb)


  1. 1.
    Vaska K, Wann LS, Sagar K, Klopfenstein HS (1992) Pleural effusion as a cause of right ventricular diastolic collapse. Circulation 86:609–617CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Alam HB, Levitt A, Molyneaux R, Davidson P, Sample GA (1999) Can pleural effusions cause cardiac tamponade? Chest 116:1820–1822CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Wemmelund KB, Lie RH, Juhl-Olsen P, Frederiksen CA, Hermansen JF, Sloth E (2012) Pleural effusion decreases left ventricular pre-load and causes haemodynamic compromise: an experimental porcine study. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 56:833–839CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Kaplan LM, Epstein SK, Schwartz SL, Cao QL, Pandian NG (1995) Clinical, echocardiographic, and hemodynamic evidence of cardiac tamponade caused by large pleural effusions. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 151:904–908CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg and ESICM 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Raphaël Giraud
    • 1
    • 3
    • 4
    Email author
  • Carlo Banfi
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  • Karim Bendjelid
    • 1
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Intensive Care DepartmentGeneva University HospitalsGenevaSwitzerland
  2. 2.Division of Cardiovascular SurgeryGeneva University HospitalsGenevaSwitzerland
  3. 3.Faculty of MedicineUniversity of GenevaGenevaSwitzerland
  4. 4.Geneva Hemodynamic Research GroupGenevaSwitzerland

Personalised recommendations