Dyslipidemia: a prospective controlled randomized trial of intensive glycemic control in sepsis
- First Online:
- 312 Downloads
Metabolic disturbances are quite common in critically ill patients. Glycemic control appears to be an important adjuvant therapy in such patients. In addition, disorders of lipid metabolism are associated with worse prognoses. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects that two different glycemic control protocols have on lipid profile and metabolism.
We evaluated 63 patients hospitalized for severe sepsis or septic shock, over the first 72 h of intensive care. Patients were randomly allocated to receive conservative glycemic control (target range 140–180 mg/dl) or intensive glycemic control (target range 80–110 mg/dl). Serum levels of low-density lipoprotein, high-density lipoprotein, triglycerides, total cholesterol, free fatty acids, and oxidized low-density lipoprotein were determined.
In both groups, serum levels of low-density lipoprotein, high-density lipoprotein, and total cholesterol were below normal, whereas those of free fatty acids, triglycerides, and oxidized low-density lipoprotein were above normal. At 4 h after admission, free fatty acid levels were higher in the conservative group than in the intensive group, progressively decreasing in both groups until hour 48 and continuing to decrease until hour 72 only in the intensive group. Oxidized low-density lipoprotein levels were elevated in both groups throughout the study period.
Free fatty acids respond to intensive glycemic control and, because of their high toxicity, can be a therapeutic target in patients with sepsis.
KeywordsBlood glucose Sepsis Fatty acids Nonesterified Lipids
- 9.Barlage S, Gnewuch C, Liebisch G, Wolf Z, Audebert FX, Gluck T, Frohlich D, Kramer BK, Rothe G, Schmitz G (2009) Changes in HDL-associated apolipoproteins relate to mortality in human sepsis and correlate to monocyte and platelet activation. Intensive Care Med 35:1877–1885PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 14.Cominacini L, Rigoni A, Pasini AF, Garbin U, Davoli A, Campagnola M, Pastorino AM, Lo Cascio V, Sawamura T (2001) The binding of oxidized low density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) to ox-LDL receptor-1 reduces the intracellular concentration of nitric oxide in endothelial cells through an increased production of superoxide. J Biol Chem 276:13750–13755PubMedGoogle Scholar
- 19.Nogueira AC, Kawabata V, Biselli P, Lins MH, Valeri C, Seckler M, Hoshino W, Junior LG, Bernik MM, de AndradeMachado JB, Martinez MB, Lotufo PA, Caldini EG, Martins E, Curi R, Soriano FG (2008) Changes in plasma free fatty acid levels in septic patients are associated with cardiac damage and reduction in heart rate variability. Shock 29:342–348PubMedGoogle Scholar
- 21.Manzella D, Barbieri M, Rizzo MR, Ragno E, Passariello N, Gambardella A, Marfella R, Giugliano D, Paolisso G (2001) Role of free fatty acids on cardiac autonomic nervous system in noninsulin-dependent diabetic patients: effects of metabolic control. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 86:2769–2774PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 24.Finfer S, Chittock DR, Su SY, Blair D, Foster D, Dhingra V, Bellomo R, Cook D, Dodek P, Henderson WR, Hebert PC, Heritier S, Heyland DK, McArthur C, McDonald E, Mitchell I, Myburgh JA, Norton R, Potter J, Robinson BG, Ronco JJ (2009) Intensive versus conventional glucose control in critically ill patients. N Engl J Med 360:1283–1297PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 25.Bone RC, Balk RA, Cerra FB, Dellinger RP, Fein AM, Knaus WA, Schein RM, Sibbald WJ (2009) Definitions for sepsis and organ failure and guidelines for the use of innovative therapies in sepsis. The ACCP/SCCM Consensus Conference Committee. American College of Chest Physicians/Society of Critical Care Medicine. 1992. Chest 136:e28PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 30.Cominacini L, Pasini AF, Garbin U, Davoli A, Tosetti ML, Campagnola M, Rigoni A, Pastorino AM, LoCascio V, Sawamura T (2000) Oxidized low density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) binding to ox-LDL receptor-1 in endothelial cells induces the activation of NF-kappaB through an increased production of intracellular reactive oxygen species. J Biol Chem 275:12633–12638PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 33.Ficker ES, Maranhao RC, Chacra AP, Neves VC, Negrao CE, Martins VC, Vinagre CG (2010) Exercise training accelerates the removal from plasma of LDL-like nanoemulsion in moderately hypercholesterolemic subjects. Atherosclerosis 212:230–236Google Scholar
- 34.Soriano FG, Nogueira AC, Caldini EG, Lins MH, Teixeira AC, Cappi SB, Lotufo PA, Bernik MM, Zsengeller Z, Chen M, Szabo C (2006) Potential role of poly(adenosine 5′-diphosphate-ribose) polymerase activation in the pathogenesis of myocardial contractile dysfunction associated with human septic shock. Crit Care Med 34:1073–1079PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 35.Miles JM (1993) Lipid fuel metabolism in health and disease. Curr Opin Gen Surg: 78–84Google Scholar