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Intensive Care Medicine

, Volume 34, Issue 3, pp 405–422 | Cite as

Year in review in Intensive Care Medicine, 2007. II. Haemodynamics, pneumonia, infections and sepsis, invasive and non-invasive mechanical ventilation, acute respiratory distress syndrome

  • Massimo AntonelliEmail author
  • Elie Azoulay
  • Marc Bonten
  • Jean Chastre
  • Giuseppe Citerio
  • Giorgio Conti
  • Daniel De Backer
  • François Lemaire
  • Herwig Gerlach
  • Johan Groeneveld
  • Goran Hedenstierna
  • Duncan Macrae
  • Jordi Mancebo
  • Salvatore M. Maggiore
  • Alexandre Mebazaa
  • Philipp Metnitz
  • Jerme Pugin
  • Jan Wernerman
  • Haibo Zhang
Year in Review 2007

Haemodynamics

How to assess haemodynamic alterations?

Several devices use pulse pressure to determine stroke volume, with or without calibration. However, pulse pressure can also be influenced by other factors including vascular tone and arterial stiffness. Lamia et al. [1] evaluated the role of arterial stiffness using radial applanation tonometry. This technique extrapolates central aortic pressure from peripheral recordings. Arterial stiffness was determined using a complex analysis of estimated central aortic pressure curve and stroke volume (independently measured by echocardiography). These authors observed that pulse pressure is dependent on stroke volume, and body surface area and, to a lesser extent, to arterial stiffness. In older patients the contribution of arterial stiffness was more prominent. For a given arterial stiffness stroke volume accounts for 49% of stroke volume variability.

Kozieras et al. [2] investigated the effect of acute increase in systemic vascular...

Keywords

Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Colistin Leptospirosis Epithelial Line Fluid Extravascular Lung Water 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Massimo Antonelli
    • 1
    Email author
  • Elie Azoulay
    • 2
  • Marc Bonten
    • 3
  • Jean Chastre
    • 4
  • Giuseppe Citerio
    • 5
  • Giorgio Conti
    • 6
  • Daniel De Backer
    • 7
  • François Lemaire
    • 8
  • Herwig Gerlach
    • 9
  • Johan Groeneveld
    • 10
  • Goran Hedenstierna
    • 11
  • Duncan Macrae
    • 12
  • Jordi Mancebo
    • 13
  • Salvatore M. Maggiore
    • 6
  • Alexandre Mebazaa
    • 14
  • Philipp Metnitz
    • 15
  • Jerme Pugin
    • 16
  • Jan Wernerman
    • 17
  • Haibo Zhang
    • 18
  1. 1.Department of Intensive Care and Anaesthesiology, Policlinico Universitario A. GemelliUniversità Cattolica del Sacro CuoreRomeItaly
  2. 2.Intensive Care Medicine UnitSaint Louis HospitalParisFrance
  3. 3.Department of Medical Microbiology Julius Centre for Health Sciences and Primary CareUniversity Medical Center UtrechtUtrechtThe Netherlands
  4. 4.Reanimation medicaleHopital Pitié SalpétrièreParisFrance
  5. 5.Neurointensive Care UnitOspedale S. GerardoMonzaItaly
  6. 6.Department of Intensive Care and AnaesthesiologyUniversità Cattolica del Sacro CuoreRomeItaly
  7. 7.Service des Soins IntensifsErasme HospitalBrusselsBelgium
  8. 8.Intensive Care UnitHenri Mondor HospitalCreteilFrance
  9. 9.Department of AnaesthesiologyVivantes-Klinikum NeukoellnBerlinGermany
  10. 10.Intensive Care Medicine UnitVUMCAmsterdamThe Netherlands
  11. 11.Department of Clinical PhysiologyUppsala UniversityUppsalaSweden
  12. 12.Pediatric Intensive Care UnitRoyal Brompton HospitalLondonUK
  13. 13.Intensive Care Medicine UnitHospital Sant PauBarcelonaSpain
  14. 14.Department of Anaesthesiology and Critical Care MedicineLariboisière HospitalParisFrance
  15. 15.Department of Anaesthesia and General Intensive Care MedicineUniversity Hospital of ViennaViennaAustria
  16. 16.Intensive Care Medicine UnitUniversity Hospital of GenevaGenevaSwitzerland
  17. 17.Departments of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care MedicineKarolinska University HospitalStockholmSweden
  18. 18.Interdepartmental Division of Critical Care MedicineUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada

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