Intensive Care Medicine

, Volume 33, Issue 6, pp 1055–1059 | Cite as

Mechanical complications and malpositions of central venous cannulations by experienced operators

A prospective study of 1794 catheterizations in critically ill patients
  • Wolfram Schummer
  • Claudia Schummer
  • Norman Rose
  • Wolf-Dirk Niesen
  • Samir G. Sakka
Brief Report

Abstract

Objective

Incidence of primary mechanical complications and malpositions associated with landmark-guided central venous access procedures (CVAP) performed by experienced operators.

Design

Prospective 5-year observational study on two intensive care units.

Intervention

Only CVAPs using Seldinger technique were evaluated. Age, gender, puncture site, number of cannulation attempts, and complications within 24 hours and malpositions were recorded.

Patients

782 CVAPs in females aged 9–92 yrs and 1012 CVAPs in males aged 6–89 yrs.

Results

We analyzed 1794 (1017 right- and 777 left-sided CVAP), of which 87.7% were accomplished without adverse events. More than one cannulation attempt was a risk factor for failed catheterization, other mechanical complications but not for malposition. Complications/malpositions were encountered in 220 CVAPs.In 51 CVAPs (2.8%) the cannulation failed at the attempted site, here 18 CVAPs were accompanied by further complications (35.3%). Otherwise, the rate for mechanical complications was low (3.3%). The most common mechanical complications (n = 127) were arterial punctures (n = 52; 2.9%), including four arterial cannulations (0.2%), and pneumothorax (n = 9; 0.6%). There was significant risk for arterial puncture with the internal jugular vein approach in comparison to the innominate vein (p = 0.004), but not to the subclavian vein (p = 0.065). Male patients had a lower risk for failure (2.1%) than females (3.8%, p = 0.028). One-hundred-twenty-one central venous catheters were malpositioned (6.7%) of which 35 were related to the left internal jugular vein.

Conclusions

Even experienced operators cause a considerable number of early mechanical complications and malpositions. After two unsuccessful cannulation attempts failure and associated complications are very likely.

Keywords

Central venous catheter Central venous access Mechanical complication Malposition 

Supplementary material

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wolfram Schummer
    • 1
    • 2
  • Claudia Schummer
    • 1
  • Norman Rose
    • 3
  • Wolf-Dirk Niesen
    • 4
  • Samir G. Sakka
    • 1
    • 5
  1. 1.Clinic for Anesthesiology and Intensive Care MedicineFriedrich-Schiller University of JenaJenaGermany
  2. 2.Clinic for NeurologyUniversity Hospital Hamburg-EppendorfHamburgGermany
  3. 3.Department of Methodology and Evaluation ResearchFriedrich-Schiller University of JenaJenaGermany
  4. 4.Clinic for NeurologyFreiburgGermany
  5. 5.Krankenhaus MerheimAkademisches Lehrkrankenhaus der Universität KölnKölnGermany

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