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Intensive Care Medicine

, Volume 32, Issue 2, pp 315–317 | Cite as

Air ionisation and colonisation/infection with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and Acinetobacter species in an intensive care unit

  • Kevin G. KerrEmail author
  • Clive B. Beggs
  • Stephen G. Dean
  • Judith Thornton
  • Judith K. Donnelly
  • Neil J. Todd
  • P. Andrew Sleigh
  • Andleeb Qureshi
  • Charles C. Taylor
Brief Report

Abstract

Objective

To determine effect of negative air ions on colonisation/infection with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and Acinetobacter species in an intensive care unit.

Design

Prospective single-centre cross-over study in an adult general intensive care unit.

Patients

201 patients whose stay on the unit exceeded 48 hour's duration.

Intervention

Six negative air ionisers were installed on the unit but not operational for the first 5 months of the study (control period). Devices were then operational for the following 5.5 months.

Measurements and results

30 and 13 patients were colonised/infected with MRSA and Acinetobacter spp., respectively, over 10.5 months. No change in MRSA colonisation/infection was observed compared with the 5 month control period. Acinetobacter cases were reduced from 11 to 2 (p = 0.007).

Conclusion

Ionisers may have a role in the prevention of Acinetobacter infections.

Keywords

Acinetobacter Healthcare-associated infection Ionisation Nosocomial infection Staphylococcus aureus 

Notes

Acknowledgement

We thank NHS Estates (England) for funding this study.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kevin G. Kerr
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Clive B. Beggs
    • 1
  • Stephen G. Dean
    • 3
  • Judith Thornton
    • 3
  • Judith K. Donnelly
    • 4
  • Neil J. Todd
    • 5
  • P. Andrew Sleigh
    • 1
  • Andleeb Qureshi
    • 6
  • Charles C. Taylor
    • 7
  1. 1.Aerobiological Research Group, School of Civil EngineeringUniversity of LeedsLeedsUK
  2. 2.Department of MicrobiologyHarrogate District HospitalHarrogateUK
  3. 3.Intensive Care UnitSt James's University HospitalLeedsUK
  4. 4.Trinity and All Saints CollegeLeedsUK
  5. 5.Department of MicrobiologyYork District HospitalYorkUK
  6. 6.Division of Microbiology, School of Biochemistry and Molecular BiologyUniversity of LeedsLeedsUK
  7. 7.School of MathematicsUniversity of LeedsLeedsUK

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