Air ionisation and colonisation/infection with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and Acinetobacter species in an intensive care unit
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To determine effect of negative air ions on colonisation/infection with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and Acinetobacter species in an intensive care unit.
Prospective single-centre cross-over study in an adult general intensive care unit.
201 patients whose stay on the unit exceeded 48 hour's duration.
Six negative air ionisers were installed on the unit but not operational for the first 5 months of the study (control period). Devices were then operational for the following 5.5 months.
Measurements and results
30 and 13 patients were colonised/infected with MRSA and Acinetobacter spp., respectively, over 10.5 months. No change in MRSA colonisation/infection was observed compared with the 5 month control period. Acinetobacter cases were reduced from 11 to 2 (p = 0.007).
Ionisers may have a role in the prevention of Acinetobacter infections.
KeywordsAcinetobacter Healthcare-associated infection Ionisation Nosocomial infection Staphylococcus aureus
We thank NHS Estates (England) for funding this study.
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