Topical interleukin-8 antibody attracts leukocytes in a piglet lavage model
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Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in young infants is linked with a pulmonary inflammatory response part of which are increased interleukin-8 (IL-8) levels and migration of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNL) into lung tissue. A topical application of an antibody against IL-8 might therefore decrease PMNL migration and improve lung function.
Randomized, controlled, prospective animal study.
Research laboratory of a university children’s hospital.
Subjects and interventions
Anesthetized, mechanically ventilated newborn piglets (n=22) underwent repeated airway lavage to remove surfactant and to induce lung inflammation. Piglets then received either surfactant alone (S, n=8), or a topical antibody against IL-8 admixed to surfactant (S+IL-8, n=8), or an air bolus injection (control, n=6).
Measurements and results
After 6 h of mechanical ventilation following intervention, oxygenation [S 169±51 (SD) vs S+IL-8 139±61 mmHg] and lung function (compliance: S 1.3±0.4 vs S+IL-8 0.9±0.4 ml/cmH2O/kg; extra-vascular lung-water: S 27±9 vs S+IL-8 52±28 ml/kg) were worse in the S+IL-8 group because reactive IL-8 production [S 810 (median, range 447–2323] vs S+IL-8 3485 (628–16180) pg/ml; P<0.05) with facilitated migration of PMNL into lung tissue occurred. Moreover, antibody application caused augmented chemotactic potency of IL-8 [linear regression of migrated PMNL and IL-8 levels: S r 2 =0.30 (P=ns) vs S+IL-8 r 2 =0.89 (P=0.0002)].
Topical anti-IL-8 treatment after lung injury increases IL-8 production, PMNL migration, and worsens lung function in our piglet lavage model. This effect is in contrast to current literature using pre-lung injury treatment protocols. Our data do not support anti-IL-8 treatment in young infants with ARDS.
KeywordsInterleukin-8 antibody Airway lavage Lung function Migration Polymorphonuclear leukocytes Inflammation
The surfactant preparation used in this study (Curosurf) was generously provided by Nycomed, Unterschleissheim, Germany. The authors are indebted to Jürgen Schulte-Mönting for statistical advice.
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