Intensive Care Medicine

, Volume 30, Issue 6, pp 1017–1031 | Cite as

Year in review in Intensive Care Medicine—2003

Part 1: Respiratory failure, infection and sepsis
  • Edward Abraham
  • Peter Andrews
  • Massimo Antonelli
  • Laurent BrochardEmail author
  • Christian Brun-Buisson
  • Geoffrey Dobb
  • Jean-Yves Fagon
  • Johan Groeneveld
  • Jordi Mancebo
  • Philipp Metnitz
  • Stefano Nava
  • Michael Pinsky
  • Peter Radermacher
  • Marco Ranieri
  • Christian Richard
  • Robert Tasker
  • Benoît Vallet


This review article intends to summarise all original articles published in 2003 in Intensive Care Medicine. These articles are grouped by topics, which allows the reader to get a rapid flavour of the newest developments in each field.

I. Mechanical ventilation and respiratory function

Patient-ventilator interactions

Triggering and cycling-off variables are important determinants of patient-ventilator interactions during assisted ventilation. To examine these interactions, Prinianakis, Kondili and Georgopoulos [1] studied 12 mechanically ventilated patients at different levels of pressure support and applying two ventilators. One machine uses a new method of triggering and cycling-off based on a flow shape/waveform signal generated by offsetting and delaying the actual airflow during inspiration and expiration. The other machine uses a conventional flow trigger and cycling-off at 25% of peak inspiratory flow. The two ventilators were also submitted to bench testing under...


Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Patient Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Brain Natriuretic Peptide Atrial Natriuretic Peptide 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    Prinianakis G, Kondili E, Georgopoulos D (2003) Effects of the flow waveform method of triggering and cycling on patient-ventilator interaction during pressure support. Intensive Care Med 29:1950–1959CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
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    Mancebo J (2003) Triggering and cycling off during pressure support ventilation: simplicity or sophistication? Intensive Care Med 29:1871–1872CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
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    Kraincuk P, Kormoczi G, Prokop M, Ihra G, Aloy A (2003) Alveolar recruitment of atelectasis under combined high-frequency jet ventilation: a computed tomography study. Intensive Care Med 29:1265–1272CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
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    Robino C, Faisy C, Diehl JL, Rezgui N, Labrousse J, Guerot E (2003) Effectiveness of non-invasive positive pressure ventilation differs between decompensated chronic restrictive and obstructive pulmonary disease patients. Intensive Care Med 29:603–610PubMedGoogle Scholar
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    Ceriana P, Carlucci A, Navalesi P, Rampulla C, Delmastro M, Piaggi G, De Mattia E, Nava S (2003) Weaning from tracheotomy in long-term mechanically ventilated patients: feasibility of a decisional flowchart and clinical outcome. Intensive Care Med 29:845–848PubMedGoogle Scholar
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    Fernandez-Vivas M, Caturla-Such J, Gonzalez de la Rosa J, Acosta-Escribano J, Alvarez-Sanchez B, Canovas-Robles J (2003) Noninvasive pressure support versus proportional assist ventilation in acute respiratory failure. Intensive Care Med 29:1126–1133CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
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    Delaere S, Roeseler J, D’Hoore W, Matte P, Reynaert M, Jolliet P, Sottiaux T, Liistro G (2003) Respiratory muscle workload in intubated, spontaneously breathing patients without COPD: pressure support vs proportional assist ventilation. Intensive Care Med 29:949–954PubMedGoogle Scholar
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    Cavaliere F, Masieri S, Conti G, Antonelli M, Pennisi MA, Filipo R, Proietti R (2003) Effects of non-invasive ventilation on middle ear function in healthy volunteers. Intensive Care Med 29:611–614PubMedGoogle Scholar
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    Jolliet P, Watremez C, Roeseler J, Ngengiyumva JC, de Kock M, Clerbaux T, Tassaux D, Reynaert M, Detry B, Liistro G (2003) Comparative effects of helium-oxygen and external positive end-expiratory pressure on respiratory mechanics, gas exchange and ventilation-perfusion relationships in mechanically ventilated patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Intensive Care Med 29:1442–1450CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
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    Gainnier M, Arnal JM, Gerbeaux P, Donati S, Papazian L, Sainty JM (2003) Helium-oxygen reduces work of breathing in mechanically ventilated patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Intensive Care Med 29:1666–1670CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
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    Volta CA, Ferri E, Marangoni E, Ragazzi R, Verri M, Alvisi V, Zardi S, Bertacchini S, Gritti G, Alvisi R (2003) Respiratory function after aortic aneurysm repair: a comparison between retroperitoneal and transperitoneal approaches. Intensive Care Med 29:1258–1264CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
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    Van de Leur JP, Zwaveling JH, Loef BG, Van der Schans CP (2003) Endotracheal suctioning versus minimally invasive airway suctioning in intubated patients: a prospective randomised controlled trial. Intensive Care Med 29:426–432PubMedGoogle Scholar
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    Jaber S, Chanques G, Matecki S, Ramonatxo M, Vergne C, Souche B, Perrigault PF, Eledjam JJ (2003) Post-extubation stridor in intensive care unit patients. Risk factors evaluation and importance of the cuff-leak test. Intensive Care Med 29:69–74PubMedGoogle Scholar
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    El Solh A, Okada M, Bhat A, Pietrantoni C (2003) Swallowing disorders post orotracheal intubation in the elderly. Intensive Care Med 29:1451–1455CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
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    David M, Weiler N, Heinrichs W, Neumann M, Joost T, Markstaller K, Eberle B (2003) High-frequency oscillatory ventilation in adult acute respiratory distress syndrome. Intensive Care Med 29:1656–1665CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
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    Biancofiore G, Bindi ML, Romanelli AM, Boldrini A, Consani G, Bisa M, Filipponi F, Vagelli A, Mosca F (2003) Intra-abdominal pressure monitoring in liver transplant recipients: a prospective study. Intensive Care Med 29:30–36PubMedGoogle Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Edward Abraham
    • 1
  • Peter Andrews
    • 2
  • Massimo Antonelli
    • 3
  • Laurent Brochard
    • 4
    Email author
  • Christian Brun-Buisson
    • 4
  • Geoffrey Dobb
    • 5
  • Jean-Yves Fagon
    • 6
  • Johan Groeneveld
    • 7
  • Jordi Mancebo
    • 8
  • Philipp Metnitz
    • 9
  • Stefano Nava
    • 10
  • Michael Pinsky
    • 11
  • Peter Radermacher
    • 12
  • Marco Ranieri
    • 13
  • Christian Richard
    • 14
  • Robert Tasker
    • 15
  • Benoît Vallet
    • 16
  1. 1.University of Colorado Health Sciences CenterDepartment of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care MedicineDenverUSA
  2. 2.Western General Hospital, Intensive Care UnitEdinburghScotland
  3. 3.Policlinico Universitario, Department of Intensive Care and AnesthesiologyRomeItaly
  4. 4.Service de Réanimation MédicaleHôpital Henri MondorCréteilFrance
  5. 5.Royal Perth HospitalIntensive Care UnitPerthAustralia
  6. 6.Medical Intensive Care UnitUniversity European Hospital Georges PompidouParisFrance
  7. 7.Free University HospitalMedical Intensive Care UnitAmsterdamThe Netherlands
  8. 8.Hospital Sant PauServei Medicina IntensivaBarcelonaSpain
  9. 9.University Hospital of ViennaDepartment of Anesthesia and General Intensive CareViennaAustria
  10. 10.Fondazione S. MaugeriRespiratory Intensive Care UnitPaviaItaly
  11. 11.University of Pittsburgh Medical CenterIntensive Care MedicinePittsburghUSA
  12. 12.University Medical School of UlmDepartment of AnesthesiaUlmGermany
  13. 13.Università di TorinoOspedale S. Giovanni Battista, Anestesiologia e RianimazioneTorinoItaly
  14. 14.University Hospital of BicêtreIntensive Care UnitLe Kremlin BicêtreFrance
  15. 15.Cambridge University School of MedicineAddenbrooke’s Hospital, Department of PediatricsCambridgeUK
  16. 16.University Hospital of LilleDepartment of Anesthesiology and Intensive CareLilleFrance

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