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Intensive Care Medicine

, Volume 30, Issue 6, pp 1122–1126 | Cite as

A randomised controlled study of the efficacy of hypromellose and Lacri-Lube combination versus polyethylene/Cling wrap to prevent corneal epithelial breakdown in the semiconscious intensive care patient

  • Natasha Koroloff
  • Robert Boots
  • Jeff Lipman
  • Peter Thomas
  • Claire Rickard
  • Fiona Coyer
Original Article

Abstract

Objective

To compare the efficacy of two forms of eye care (hypromellose and Lacri-Lube combination vs polyethylene/Cling wrap covers) for intensive care patients.

Design

Randomised-controlled trial.

Setting

University affiliated, tertiary referral hospital.

Patients and participants

One hundred ten patients with a reduced or absent blink reflex were followed through until they regained consciousness, were discharged from the facility during study enrolment, died or developed a positive corneal ulcer or eye infection.

Interventions

All patients received standard eye cleansing every 2 h. In addition to this, group one (n=60) received a treatment combining hypromellose drops and Lacri-Lube (HL) to each eye every 2 h. Group two (n=50) had polyethylene covers only placed over the eye to create a moisture chamber.

Measurements and results

Corneal ulceration was determined using corneal fluorescein stains and mobile slit lamp evaluation, performed daily. No patients had corneal ulceration in the polyethylene cover group, but 4 patients had corneal ulceration in the HL group.

Conclusions

Polyethylene covers are as effective as HL in reducing the incidence of corneal damage in intensive care patients.

Keywords

Clinical nursing research Critical care Eye Epithelium Corneal 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This study was supported by the Queensland Nursing Council’s Research Grant. The views expressed do not necessarily represent the views of the Council or the members, executive officer or staff of the Council. We thank the Medical and Nursing staff of the Royal Brisbane Hospital, Department of Intensive Care Medicine.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Natasha Koroloff
    • 1
  • Robert Boots
    • 1
  • Jeff Lipman
    • 1
    • 3
  • Peter Thomas
    • 1
  • Claire Rickard
    • 1
  • Fiona Coyer
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Intensive Care MedicineRoyal Brisbane HospitalHerstonAustralia
  2. 2.School of NursingQueensland University of TechnologyBrisbaneAustralia
  3. 3.Department of Anaesthesiology and Critical CareUniversity of QueenslandAustralia

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