Intensive Care Medicine

, Volume 29, Issue 8, pp 1396–1396 | Cite as

Assessing cardiac preload or fluid responsiveness? It depends on the question we want to answer

  • Frédéric Michard
  • Daniel A. Reuter


Stroke Volume Fluid Responsiveness Volume Loading Stroke Volume Variation Fluid Challenge 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    Bendjelid K, Romand JA (2003) Fluid responsiveness in mechanically ventilated patients: a review of indices used in intensive care. Intensive Care Med 29:352–360PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Braunwald E, Sonnenblick EH, Ross J (1988) Mechanisms of cardiac contraction and relaxation. In: Braunwald E (ed) Heart disease. Saunders, Philadelphia, pp 389–425Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Michard F, Teboul JL (2002) Predicting fluid responsiveness in ICU patients. A critical analysis of the evidence. Chest 121:2000–2008PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Diebel LN, Wilson RF, Tagett MG, Kline RA (1992) End-diastolic volume: a better indicator of preload in the critically ill. Arch Surg 127:817–821PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Axler O, Tousignant C, Thompson CR, Dalla'va-Santucci J, Drummond A, Phang PT, Russell JA, Walley KR (1997) Small hemodynamic effect of typical rapid volume infusions in critically ill patients. Crit Care Med 25:965–970PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Service de reanimation médicaleCHU de BicêtreLe Kremlin BicêtreFrance
  2. 2.Department of AnesthesiologyUniversity of Munich MunichGermany

Personalised recommendations