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Der Orthopäde

, Volume 43, Issue 3, pp 236–243 | Cite as

Schulterluxation des Sportlers

Aktuelle Therapiekonzepte
Leitthema

Zusammenfassung

Hintergrund

Die Luxation des Schultergelenks ist gerade bei Kontakt- und Überkopfsportlern eine häufige Verletzung. Die optimale Therapie wird kontrovers diskutiert.

Ziel

Darstellung der aktuellen Therapiekonzepte nach Luxation des Schultergelenks von Sportlern.

Material und Methode

Selektive Literaturrecherche in Pubmed.

Ergebnisse

Sowohl operative als auch konservative Therapieansätze sind in der Literatur beschrieben und können in bestimmten Situationen erfolgversprechend sein. Ein allgemeingültiger Goldstandard existiert bislang nicht.

Schlussfolgerung

Zahlreiche patienten- und sportspezifische Faktoren sind bei der Therapieentscheidung zu berücksichtigen. Der Trend geht zur frühzeitigen operativen Stabilisierung bei jungen Sportlern.

Schlüsselwörter

Sport Gelenkinstabilität Konservative Therapie Operative Therapie Rehabilitation 

Shoulder dislocation in athletes

Current therapy concepts

Abstract

Background

Shoulder dislocation is a common injury in athletes participating in contact and overhead sports. Optimal treatment is still a subject of controversial debate.

Study aim

Presentation of current concepts for therapy of shoulder dislocation in athletes.

Methods

A selective literature search in PubMed was carried out.

Results

Surgical and non-surgical therapy options are described in the literature and can be successful in certain situations. A gold standard has yet to be defined.

Conclusion

For decision-making numerous patient and sports-related factors need to be considered. There is a current trend towards early surgical stabilization in young athletes.

Keywords

Sports Joint stability Conservative therapy Surgery Rehabilitation 

Notes

Einhaltung ethischer Richtlinien

Interessenkonflikt. F. Maretschläger und A.B. Imhoff geben an, dass kein Interessenkonflikt besteht. Dieser Beitrag beinhaltet keine Studien an Menschen oder Tieren.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Abteilung für SportorthopädieKlinikum rechts der Isar, Technische Universität MünchenMünchenDeutschland

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