Advertisement

Der Gynäkologe

, Volume 51, Issue 1, pp 24–31 | Cite as

Sollen die Indikationen für nichtinvasive Pränataltests erweitert werden?

  • M. StummEmail author
  • A. Schröer
Leitthema
  • 203 Downloads

Zusammenfassung

Die Einführung der nichtinvasiven Pränataltests (NIPTs) im August 2012 in Deutschland hat in den letzten 5 Jahren das pränatale Screening nach fetalen Aneuploidien entscheidend verändert. Die häufigen Trisomien 13, 18 und 21 können durch NIPTs mit einer hohen Sensitivität und Spezifität detektiert werden. Momentan wird von den Anbietern versucht, die Indikationen für NIPTs auf immer mehr genetische Erkrankungen auszuweiten. Die aktuelle Situation und mögliche zukünftige Entwicklungen sollten jedoch vor der Markteinführung von neuen Testsystemen kritisch hinterfragt werden.

Schlüsselwörter

Aneuploidie Mikrodeletion Monogene Erkrankung Pränatale Diagnostik Zellfreie fetale DNA 

Should the indications for non-invasive prenatal tests be extended?

Abstract

The introduction of non-invasive prenatal tests (NIPTs) in Germany in August 2012 has dramatically changed the prenatal screening for fetal aneuploidy over the 5 last years. The relatively frequent trisomies 13, 18 and 21 can be detected by NIPTs with high sensitivity and specificity. Currently, the NIPT suppliers are trying to expand the indications for NIPTs to additional genetic diseases. Nevertheless, the current situation and possible future developments should be critically reflected before new test systems are launched onto the market.

Keywords

Aneuploidy Microdeletion Monogenic disorder Prenatal Diagnostic Cell free fetal DNA 

Notes

Danksagung

M. Stumm bedankt sich bei seinen Kollegen vom Kudamm-199 für die gute und kollegiale Zusammenarbeit in den letzten 15 Jahren.

Einhaltung ethischer Richtlinien

Interessenkonflikt

M. Stumm war und A. Schröer ist Miteigentümer des Zentrums für Pränataldiagnostik und Humangenetik Kurfürstendamm 199. M. Stumm ist darüber hinaus Mitgesellschafter der BG Berlin-Genetics GmbH, die den Praenatest der Firma Lifecodexx AG vertreibt.

Dieser Beitrag beinhaltet keine von den Autoren durchgeführten Studien an Menschen oder Tieren.

Literatur

  1. 1.
    American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (2015) Cell-free DNA screening for fetal aneuploidy. Committee Opinion No. 640. Obstet Gynecol 126:e31–e37CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Akolekar R, Beta J, Picciarelli G, Ogilvie C, D’Antonio F (2015) Procedure-related risk of miscarriage following amniocentesis and chorionic villus sampling: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 45(1):16–26CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Allen S, Young E, Bowns B (2017) Noninvasive prenatal diagnosis for single gene disorders. Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol 29(2):73–79CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Bayindir B, Dehaspe L, Brison N, Brady P, Ardui S, Kammoun M, Van der Veken L, Lichtenbelt K, Van den Bogaert K, Van Houdt J, Peeters H, Van Esch H, de Ravel T, Legius E, Devriendt K, Vermeesch JR (2015) Noninvasive prenatal testing using a novel analysis pipeline to screen for all autosomal fetal aneuploidies improves pregnancy management. Eur J Hum Genet 23(10):1286–1293CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Benn P (2016) Expanding non-invasive prenatal testing beyond chromosomes 21, 18, 13, X and Y. Clin Genet 90(6):477–485CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Chu T, Yeniterzi S, Rajkovic A, Hogge WA, Dunkel M, Shaw P, Bunce K, Peters DG (2014) High resolution non-invasive detection of a fetal microdeletion using the GCREM algorithm. Prenat Diagn 34(5):469–477CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Gil MM, Accurti V, Santacruz B, Plana MN, Nicolaides KH (2017) Analysis of cell-free DNA in maternal blood in screening for aneuploidies: updated meta-analysis. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 50(3):302.  https://doi.org/10.1002/uog.17484CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Gregg AR, Skotko BG, Benkendorf JL, Monaghan KG, Bajaj K, Best RG, Klugman S, Watson MS (2016) Noninvasive prenatal screening for fetal aneuploidy, 2016 update: a position statement of the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics. Genet Med 18(10):1056–1065CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Gross SJ, Stosic M, McDonald-McGinn DM, Bassett AS, Norvez A, Dhamankar R, Kobara K, Kirkizlar E, Zimmermann B, Wayham N, Babiarz JE, Ryan A, Jinnett KN, Demko Z, Benn P (2016) Clinical experience with single-nucleotide polymorphism-based non-invasive prenatal screening for 22q11.2 deletion syndrome. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 47(2):177–183CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Helgeson J, Wardrop J, Boomer T, Almasri E, Paxton WB, Saldivar JS, Dharajiya N, Monroe TJ, Farkas DH, Grosu DS, McCullough RM (2015) Clinical outcome of subchromosomal events detected by whole-genome noninvasive prenatal testing. Prenat Diagn 35(10):999–1004CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    ISPD, Benn P, Borrell A, Chiu RW, Cuckle H, Dugoff L, Faas B, Gross S, Huang T, Johnson J, Maymon R, Norton M, Odibo A, Schielen P, Spencer K, Wright D, Yaron Y (2015) Position statement from the chromosome abnormality screening committee on behalf of the board of the international society for prenatal diagnosis. Prenat Diagn 35(8):725–734CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Jensen TJ, Dzakula Z, Deciu C, van den Boom D, Ehrich M (2012) Detection of microdeletion 22q11.2 in a fetus by next-generation sequencing of maternal plasma. Clin Chem 58(7):1148–1151CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Kølvraa S, Singh R, Normand EA, Qdaisat S, van den Veyver IB, Jackson L, Hatt L, Schelde P, Uldbjerg N, Vestergaard EM, Zhao L, Chen R, Shaw CA, Breman AM, Beaudet AL (2016) Genome-wide copy number analysis on DNA from fetal cells isolated from the blood of pregnant women. Prenat Diagn 36(12):1127–1134CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Lefkowitz RB, Tynan JA, Liu T, Wu Y, Mazloom AR, Almasri E, Hogg G, Angkachatchai V, Zhao C, Grosu DS, McLennan G, Ehrich M (2016) Clinical validation of a noninvasive prenatal test for genomewide detection of fetal copy number variants. Am J Obstet Gynecol 215(2):227.e1–227.e16CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Liu H, Gao Y, Hu Z, Lin L, Yin X, Wang J, Chen D, Chen F, Jiang H, Ren J, Wang W (2016) Performance evaluation of NIPT in detection of chromosomal copy number variants using low-coverage whole-genome sequencing of plasma DNA. PLoS ONE 11(7):e159233CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Lo KK, Karampetsou E, Boustred C, McKay F, Mason S, Hill M, Plagnol V, Chitty LS (2016) Limited clinical utility of non-invasive prenatal testing for Subchromosomal abnormalities. Am J Hum Genet 98(1):34–44CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Neofytou MC, Tsangaras K, Kypri E, Loizides C, Ioannides M, Achilleos A, Mina P, Keravnou A, Sismani C, Koumbaris G, Patsalis PC (2017) Targeted capture enrichment assay for non-invasive prenatal testing of large and small size sub-chromosomal deletions and duplications. PLoS ONE 12(2):e171319CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Pescia G, Guex N, Iseli C, Brennan L, Osteras M, Xenarios I, Farinelli L, Conrad B (2017) Cell-free DNA testing of an extended range of chromosomal anomalies: clinical experience with 6,388 consecutive cases. Genet Med 19(2):169–175CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Peters D, Chu T, Yatsenko SA, Hendrix N, Hogge WA, Surti U, Bunce K, Dunkel M, Shaw P, Rajkovic A (2011) Noninvasive prenatal diagnosis of a fetal microdeletion syndrome. N Engl J Med 365(19):1847–1848CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Rapacchia G, Lapucci C, Pittalis MC, Youssef A, Farina A (2015) The first case report in Italy of Di George syndrome detected by noninvasive prenatal testing. Case Rep Obstet Gynecol 2015:813104.  https://doi.org/10.1155/2015/813104PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Sahoo T, Hovanes K, Strecker MN, Dzidic N, Commander S, Travis MK (2016) Expanding noninvasive prenatal testing to include microdeletions and segmental aneuploidy: cause for concern? Genet Med 18(3):275–276CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Schmid M, Klaritsch P, Arzt W, Burkhardt T, Duba HC, Häusler M, Hafner E, Lang U, Pertl B, Speicher M, Steiner H, Tercanli S, Merz E, Heling KS, Eiben B (2015) Cell-free DNA testing for fetal chromosomal anomalies in clinical practice: Austrian-German-Swiss recommendations for non-invasive prenatal tests (NIPT). Ultraschall Med 36(5):507–510CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Srinivasan A, Bianchi DW, Huang H, Sehnert AJ, Rava RP (2013) Noninvasive detection of fetal subchromosome abnormalities via deep sequencing of maternal plasma. Am J Hum Genet 92(2):167–176CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Stumm M (2017) Aktuelle Aspekte der Pränatalmedizin. Unimed, BremenGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Wapner RJ, Babiarz JE, Levy B, Stosic M, Zimmermann B, Sigurjonsson S, Wayham N, Ryan A, Banjevic M, Lacroute P, Hu J, Hall MP, Demko Z, Siddiqui A, Rabinowitz M, Gross SJ, Hill M, Benn P (2015) Expanding the scope of noninvasive prenatal testing: detection of fetal microdeletion syndromes. Am J Obstet Gynecol 212(3):332.e1–332.e9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Yin AH, Peng CF, Zhao X, Caughey BA, Yang JX, Liu J, Huang WW, Liu C, Luo DH, Liu HL, Chen YY, Wu J, Hou R, Zhang M, Ai M, Zheng L, Xue RQ, Mai MQ, Guo FF, Qi YM, Wang DM, Krawczyk M, Zhang D, Wang YN, Huang QF, Karin M, Zhang K (2015) Noninvasive detection of fetal subchromosomal abnormalities by semiconductor sequencing of maternal plasma DNA. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 112(47):14670–14675CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Zhao C, Tynan J, Ehrich M, Hannum G, McCullough R, Saldivar JS, Oeth P, van den Boom D, Deciu C (2015) Detection of fetal subchromosomal abnormalities by sequencing circulating cell-free DNA from maternal plasma. Clin Chem 61(4):608–616CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Medizin Verlag GmbH, ein Teil von Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Zentrum für Pränataldiagnostik und Humangenetik Kudamm-199BerlinDeutschland

Personalised recommendations