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Der Gynäkologe

, Volume 40, Issue 6, pp 489–500 | Cite as

Genitale Body-Modifications bei Frauen

  • E. Kasten
Frauengesundheit in der Praxis

Zusammenfassung

Das Aussehen zu verändern ist ein uralter menschlicher Wunsch. Fast jeder in der westlichen Zivilisation ist heute bestrebt, sein Aussehen zu optimieren. Neue Formen der Körpermodifikation werden als „body modification“ oder „BodMod“ bezeichnet. Der Artikel gibt einen allgemeinen Überblick über moderne Methoden der Körpermodifizierung bei Frauen, insbesondere (Play-)Piercings, Genitalpiercings, Fleischtunnel, Tattoos, Implantierungen, Saline-Injektionen, Zusammennähen von Körperöffnungen und Verlängerung der kleinen Schamlippen. Aufgezählt werden gesundheitliche Risiken und Nebenwirkungen dieser minimalen Operationen. Motive sind Attraktivitätserhöhung, Gruppendruck, Nachahmung, Versuch erwachsener zu wirken, Identitätsfindung, Neugier, Mutprobe, Sensationslust, Protest, Rebellion, Markierung eines Lebensabschnitts, Körperkontrolle, sexuelle Motive, Fetischismus, Exhibitionismus, Sado/Masochismus, religiöse/spirituelle Motive, Grenzerfahrungen und Versuche einer Selbsttherapie.

Schlüsselwörter

Körperveränderung Body-Modification Piercing Tattoo Körperdysmorphe Störungen 

Genital body modification in women

Abstract

The desire to change the appearance of one’s own body is as old as humankind. Nearly everybody in western civilized society is trying to optimize his or her appearance. New kinds of alterations that can be made to the body are called “body modification” or “bodmod”. This article gives a general view on current methods of body modification in women, and in particular (play-)piercings, genital piercings, flesh tunnels, tattoos, implants, saline injections, sewing up of body orifices and extensions of the labia minora pudendi. The article enumerates health risks and side-effects of these minor operations. Motives for them are: enhancing one’s attractiveness, peer-group pressure, imitation, desire to look grown up, quest for personal identity, curiosity, tests of courage, sensation seeking, protest, rebellion, marking a rite of passage, control over the body, sexual motives, fetishism, exhibitionism, sadomasochism, religious/spiritual motives, borderline experiences, and attempts at self-therapy.

Keywords

Body modification Piercing Tattoo Body dysmorphic disorder 

Notes

Danksagung

Ich danke Frau Dr. med. Judith Esser Mittag für die kritische Durchsicht des Manuskripts und viele hilfreiche Hinweise.

Interessenkonflikt

Es besteht kein Interessenkonflikt. Der korrespondierende Autor versichert, dass keine Verbindungen mit einer Firma, deren Produkt in dem Artikel genannt ist, oder einer Firma, die ein Konkurrenzprodukt vertreibt, bestehen. Die Präsentation des Themas ist unabhängig und die Darstellung der Inhalte produktneutral.

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Copyright information

© Springer Medizin Verlag 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für Medizinische Psychologie, Medizinische FakultätOtto-von-Guericke UniversitätMagdeburgDeutschland

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