Growth Responses and Accumulation Characteristics of Three Ornamentals Under Copper and Lead Contamination in a Hydroponic-Culture Experiment

  • Zeqiang Shao
  • Wenlong Lu
  • Jamal Nasar
  • Jinjing ZhangEmail author
  • Li Yan


A hydroponic experiment was carried out to study the accumulation characteristics of copper (Cu) and lead (Pb) combined pollution in three ornamental plants. The results showed that these tested ornamental plants had higher tolerance to Cu–Pb combined pollution and could effectively accumulate the heavy metals. The Cu and Pb concentrations were higher in the roots of the ornamental plants than that in the shoots. For Panax notoginseng (P. notoginseng), Chlorophytum comosum (C. comosum) and Calendula officinalis (C. officinalis), the average Cu and Pb concentration in the three ornamental plants were 1402.1 mg/kg, 829.5 mg/kg, and 1473.4 mg/kg for Cu and 2710.4 mg/kg, 4250.3 mg/kg, and 4303.6 mg/kg for Pb, respectively. The three ornamental plants accumulation and tolerance to Cu–Pb were demonstrated through the hydroponic-culture method in this study. Therefore, the three ornamental plants should have great potential to be used in remediation of soils contaminated by Cu and Pb and beautifying the environment simultaneously.


Ornamentals Combined pollution Phytoremediation Bioaccumulation factor Trans-location factor 



The authors acknowledge the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 41471196) and National Training Programs of Innovation and Entrepreneurship for Undergraduates (Grant No. 201610193013).


  1. Cameselle C (2015) Electrokinetic remediation and other physico-chemical remediation techniques for in situ treatment of soil from contaminated nuclear and NORM sites. Environ Remediat Restor Contam Nucl Norm Sites. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Dahmani-Muller H, Van OF, Gélie B, Balabane M (2000) Strategies of heavy metal uptake by three plant species growing near a metal smelter. Environ Pollut 109:231–238. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Datko-Williams L, Wilkie A, Richmond-Bryant J (2014) Analysis of U.S. soil lead (Pb) studies from 1970 to 2012. Sci Total Environ 468–469:854–863. doi: CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Doumett S, Fibbi D, Azzarello E, Mancuso S, Mugnai S, Petruzzelli G, Del Bubba M (2010) Influence of the application renewal of glutamate and tartrate on Cd, Cu, Pb and Zn distribution between contaminated soil and paulownia tomentosain a pilot-scale assisted phytoremediation study. Int J Phytorem 13:1–17. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Doumett S, Lamperi L, Checchini L, Azzarello E, Mugnai S, Mancuso S, Petruzzelli G, Del Bubba M (2008) Heavy metal distribution between contaminated soil and Paulownia tomentosa, in a pilot-scale assisted phytoremediation study: influence of different complexing agents. Chemosphere 72:1481–1490. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Gomes HI (2012) Phytoremediation for bioenergy: challenges and opportunities. Environ Technol Rev 1:59–66. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Lan J (2004) Application status of phytoremediation technology in pollution control. Geol Hazards Environ Prot 15:46–51Google Scholar
  8. Liu JN, Zhou QX, Sun T, Ma LQ, Wang S (2008) Growth responses of three ornamental plants to cd and cd–pb stress and their metal accumulation characteristics. J Hazard Mater 151:261–267. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Li A, Lin R, Lin C, He B, Zheng T, Lu L, Cao Y (2016) An environment-friendly and multi-functional absorbent from chitosan for organic pollutants and heavy metal ion. Carbohydr Polym 148:272–280. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Li C, Shao Z, Wang Y, Zhang J (2010) Enrichment characteristics of Pb by several kinds of ornamental plants. J Northeast For Univ 39:49–51Google Scholar
  11. Li Z, Ma Z, Kuijp T, Yuan Z, Huang L (2014) A review of soil heavy metal pollution from mines in China: pollution and health risk assessment. Sci Total Environ 468–469C:843–853. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Mahar A, Wang P, Ali A, Awasthi M, Lahori A, Wang Q, Li R, Zhang Z (2016) Challenges and opportunities in the phytoremediation of heavy metals contaminated soils: a review. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 126:111–121. doi: CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Moreno N, Querol X, Alastuey A, Garcia-Sánchez A, Soler A, Ayora C (2006) Immobilization of heavy metals in polluted soils by the addition of zeolitic material synthesized from coal fly ash. Chemosphere 62:171–180. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Pereira BFF, De-Abreu CA, Herpin U, De-Abreu MF, Berton RS (2010) Phytoremediation of lead by jack beans on a rhodic hap-ludox amended with EDTA. Sci Agric 67:308–318. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Rajkumar M, Majeti P, Freitas H, Ae N (2009) Biotechnological applications of serpentine soil bacteria for phytoremediation of trace metals. Crit Rev Biotechnol 29:120–130. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Song Y, Marschner P, Li L, Bao X, Sun J, Zhang F (2007) Community composition of ammonia-oxidizing bacteria in the rhizosphere of intercropped wheat (triticum aestivuml.), maize (zea maysl.), and faba bean (vicia fabal.). Biol Fertil Soils 44:307–314. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Sun J, Gao J, Xu J, Xu M, Jiang R (2007a) Reviews on early warning of field heavy metal pollutions with molecular microbial ecological methods. Plant Nutr Fertili Sci 13:338–343Google Scholar
  18. Sun Y, Zhou Q, Wei S, Ren L (2007b) Growth responses of the newly-discovered Cd-hyperaccumulator Rorippa globosa and its accumulation characteristics of Cd and As under joint stress of Cd and As. Front Environ Sci Eng 1:107–113. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Tao J, Wang Y, Dai J (2011) Accumulation and tolerance of Zinc in ornamental plant Chlorophytum comosum. Appl Mech Mater 66–68:524–527. doi: CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Tilman D, Reich P, Knops J (2006) Biodiversity and ecosystem stability in a decade-long grassland experiment. Nature 441:629–632. doi: CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Visoottiviseth P, Francesconi K, Sridokchan W (2002) The potential of Thai indigenous plant species for the phytoremediation of arsenic contaminated land. Environ Pollut 118:0–461. doi: CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Vocciante M, Caretta A, Bua L, Bagatin R, Franchi E, Petruzzelli G, Ferro S (2019) Enhancements in phytoremediation technology: Environmental assessment including different options of biomass disposal and comparison with a consolidated approach. J Environ Manage 237:560–568. doi: CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Wang XF (2005) Resource potential analysis of ornamentals applied in con-taminated soil remediation, A dissertation in Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Sciences, BeijingGoogle Scholar
  24. Wei B, Yang L (2010) A review of heavy metal contaminations in urban soils, urban road dusts and agricultural soils from China. Microchem J 94:99–107. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Wei S, Zhou Q, Wang X (2003) Characteristics of 18 species of weed hyperaccumulating heavy metals in contaminated soils. J Basic Sci Eng 11:152–160 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  26. Wilcke W, Müller S, Kanchanakool N, Zech W (1998) Urban soil contamination in bangkok: heavy metal and aluminium partitioning in topsoils. Geoderma 86:211–228. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Yan L, Li C, Zhang J, Moodley O, Liu S, Lan C, Gao Q, Zhang W (2017) Enhanced phytoextraction of lead from Artificially ontaminated soil by mirabilis jalapa with chelating Agents. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 99:208–212. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Wang Y, Tao J, Dai J (2011) Lead tolerance and detoxification mechanism of Chlorophytum comosum. Afr J Biotechnol 10:14516–14521. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Zaidi M, Asrar A, Mansoor A, Farooqui M (2005) The heavy metal concentration along roadside trees of quetta and its effects on public health. J Appl Sci 5:708–711. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Zhao X, Zheng W, Dong D, Jiao L (2013) Temperature effect on fluorescence of PtOEP embedded in sol–gel membrane used in oxygen sensor. Optik-Int J Light Electron Opt 124:6799–6802. CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Resource and Environmental ScienceJilin Agricultural UniversityChangchunPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Popularization Center of Agricultural Technology of Jilin CityJilinPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.College of Resource and Environment EngineeringJilin Institute of Chemical TechnologyJilinPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations