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The Impact of Highway Motor Vehicle Traffic on Energy Stores in Selected Plant Species

  • Margita KuklováEmail author
  • Ivica Pivková
  • Helena Hniličková
  • František Hnilička
  • Ján Kukla
Article

Abstract

This paper assesses the impact of vehicle emissions on energy stores in assimilation organs of five plant species on plots at different distances from the highway. On more remote plots (500 m away from the road) with lower level of pollutants there was a significant increase in the amount of energy in leaves of Negundo aceroides, Quercus rubra and Anthriscus sylvestris. The increase of energy in Quercus cerris was negligible and in the case of Fraxinus excelsior was even recorded a decrease in energy store. The tightness of the relationships between energy accumulated in plant leaves and the distance from the highway was as follows: N. aceroides > Q. cerris > Q. rubra > A. sylvestris. The most suitable for energy biomonitoring appear N. aceroides and A. sylvestris, which in the period of full highway operation bound significantly less energy than before its construction. Q. cerris have demonstrated greater ability to accumulate energy on Cambisols, F. excelsior on Fluvisols.

Keywords

Road traffic Pollution Plants Energy stores 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research was supported by the Scientific Grant Agency of the Ministry of Education of Slovak Republic and of Slovak Academy of Sciences (VEGA No. 2/0005/17, 2/0120/17).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Margita Kuklová
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ivica Pivková
    • 1
  • Helena Hniličková
    • 2
  • František Hnilička
    • 2
  • Ján Kukla
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Forest Ecology of the Slovak Academy of SciencesZvolenSlovak Republic
  2. 2.Department of Botany and Plant PhysiologyCzech University of Life Sciences PraguePragueCzech Republic

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