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Research Progress of Mercury Bioaccumulation in the Aquatic Food Chain, China: A Review

  • Haiyu Yan
  • Qiuhua LiEmail author
  • Zhenhui Yuan
  • Shuang Jin
  • Min Jing
Focused Review

Abstract

Research on mercury (Hg) in aquatic ecosystems in China has focused mainly on fish, with little research on the base of the food chain and Hg bioaccumulation mechanisms. This paper summarizes research progress pertaining to the characteristics, current status, and trends of Hg accumulation in the aquatic food chain in China, analyzes the effects of human activities on the transmission and accumulation of Hg in aquatic food chains, and assesses their risks to human and ecosystem health. A comparison of fish samples in China between 2000 and 2018 indicates that their total Hg content remains at relatively safe levels. However, because current information is generally insufficient to confirm how anthropogenic activities affect transformation and bioaccumulation in the aqueous environment, Hg isotope studies should be a focus of research on aquatic food webs. Additionally, more attention should be paid to Hg transport and bioaccumulation in the basic food chain by focusing on multi-contaminant joint exposure studies and establishing Hg bio-transport models.

Keywords

Hg Aquatic food chain Bioaccumulation China 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported financially by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (41273099, 41563012, U1612442), the Sino-Swedish Mercury Management Research Framework (SMaRef) of the Swedish Research Council (contract number D697801), and the Major Research Projects of Innovation Group of the Guizhou Provincial Department of Education ([2017]032).

Supplementary material

128_2019_2629_MOESM1_ESM.docx (36 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 35 kb)

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Environmental Geochemistry, Institute of GeochemistryChinese Academy of SciencesGuiyangChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory for Information System of Mountainous Area and Protection of Ecological Environment of Guizhou ProvinceGuizhou Normal UniversityGuiyangChina
  3. 3.International Joint Research Centre for Aquatic EcologyGuizhou Normal UniversityGuiyangChina
  4. 4.University of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingPeople’s Republic of China

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