Assessing Human Health Risks Associated with Consumption of Metal Content in Shrimp from NW Mexico

  • C. C. Osuna-Martínez
  • M. G. Frías-Espericueta
  • B. Y. Ramos-Magaña
  • M. F. Soto-Jiménez
  • Y. Brau-Ibarra
  • L. A. Félix-Salazar
  • J. I. Osuna-López
  • M. Aguilar-Juárez
  • D. Voltolina
  • C. G. Delgado-AlvarezEmail author


Shrimp of Farfantepenaeus californiensis (78 groups) and Litopenaeus stylirostris (14 groups) were caught in the northwestern fishing zones in Mexico during the 2014–2015 fishing season (September–February); both shrimp species have high commercial value. Muscle, hepatopancreas and exoskeleton were analyzed to determine their metal contents. For F. californiensis, the highest Cd, Pb and Zn contents were determined in specimens caught off the State of Baja California Sur (BCS) with 22.4 ± 8.9 (hepatopancreas), 2.83 ± 4.63 (muscle), and 748.5 ± 1567 (muscle) µg/g, in the regions off Mulegé, Los Cabos and Los Cabos, respectively. For L. stylirostris, the fishing zone of Comundú (BCS) showed higher Cd (12.3 ± 11.5 µg/g), Cu (569.1 ± 646.5 µg/g) and Zn (549.7 ± 400.7 µg/g) contents; all values were determined in the hepatopancreas. Regarding the hazard quotient and total hazard quotient calculated in this study, the consumption of marine shrimp caught off NW Mexico does not represent a risk to human health (both < 1).


Hazard quotient Shrimp Metal Risk assessment 



This work was supported by PROFAPI 2015/103, Programa para el Desarrollo Profesional Docente (Grant No. CANE year 3) and Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología INFRA 2012-01-188029 and INFRA-230061 Grants. Authors thank Y. Montaño-Ley for his help and D. Fischer for editorial services.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. C. Osuna-Martínez
    • 1
  • M. G. Frías-Espericueta
    • 1
  • B. Y. Ramos-Magaña
    • 2
  • M. F. Soto-Jiménez
    • 3
  • Y. Brau-Ibarra
    • 1
  • L. A. Félix-Salazar
    • 1
  • J. I. Osuna-López
    • 1
  • M. Aguilar-Juárez
    • 1
  • D. Voltolina
    • 5
  • C. G. Delgado-Alvarez
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.Facultad de Ciencias del MarUniversidad Autónoma de SinaloaMazatlánMexico
  2. 2.Programa de Posgrado en Ciencias del Mar y LimnologíaUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de MéxicoMéxico D.F.Mexico
  3. 3.UA Mazatlán ICMyL, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de MéxicoMazatlánMexico
  4. 4.Universidad Politécnica de SinaloaMazatlánMexico
  5. 5.Laboratorio de Estudios Ambientales, CIBNOR-UASMazatlánMexico

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