Historical Pollution and Source Contributions of PAHs in Sediment Cores from the Middle Reach of Huai River, China

  • Jiamei Zhang
  • He Huang
  • Rujing Wang
  • Ruoyu SunEmail author


To investigate the spatial and historical distributions, and source contributions of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAHs) from the middle reach of Huai River, 15 surface sediments and two sediment cores were analyzed. The Σ16 PAHs levels in surface sediments varied from 533.15 to 1422.83 ng/g dw, and from 413.27 to 43951.56 ng/g dw in individual sediment layer of sediment cores. The temporal trends of PAHs in sediment cores are the good indicators of the anthropogenic emissions over the last 60 years. The stable carbon isotope ratios of PAHs indicate the primary PAHs sources were the combustion of wood and coal during 1950s–1970s, and automobile exhausts and the coal combustion emissions in recent decades.


PAHs Anthropogenic emission history Stable carbon isotope Source contribution 



The work described in this paper was supported by the “13th five-year” National Key Research and Development Plan (Grant No. 2017YFD0700501), the Dean Foundation of Hefei Institutes of Physical Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences (Grant No. K1219), and the Youth Foundation of Anhui Natural Science Foundation (Grant No. Y821FA1581).

Supplementary material

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Intelligent MachinesChinese Academy of SciencesHefeiChina
  2. 2.Institute of Surface-Earth System SciencesTianjin UniversityTianjinChina

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