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Quantitative Determination of Heavy Metal Contamination in Horse Mackerel and Whiting Caught in the Sea of Marmara

  • Aysen Kurt CucuEmail author
  • Murat Topkaya
  • Gulbin Erdogan
  • Hassan Y. Aboul-EneinEmail author
Article

Abstract

In this study, the concentrations of lead, cadmium and manganese were determined in horse mackerel (Trachurus mediterraneus) and whiting (Merlangius merlangus euxinus) that were caught in the Sea of Marmara. These are commonly consumed fish species in this region. Fish were provided by a fishermen quarterly between March 2013 and December 2013 and, separated according to size (small, medium and large). Pb(II), Cd(II) and Mn(II) levels were determined using the wet digestion method by Graphite furnace atomic atomic absorption spectrophotometer. According to this study, for horse mackerel, the highest concentration of lead, cadmium, and manganese was 6.69 µg kg−1 (September), 5.24 µg kg−1 (March) and 9.24 µg kg−1 (June), respectively. For whiting, the highest concentration of lead, cadmium, and manganese was 2.25 µg kg−1 (June), 0.263 µg kg−1 (September) and 10.4 µg kg−1 (June), respectively. These heavy metal levels in fish were found to be acceptable for human consumption according to World Health Organization border values.

Keywords

Heavy metals Graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrophotometry (GFAAS) Fish Horse mackerel Whiting Marmara Sea 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of PharmacyMarmara UniversityIstanbulTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Analytical Chemistry, Institute of Health SciencesMarmara University IstanbulIstanbulTurkey
  3. 3.Pharmaceutical and Medicinal Chemistry Department, Pharmaceutical and Drug Industries Research DivisionNational Research CenterCairoEgypt

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