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Lead Pollution and Isotope Tracing of Surface Sediments in the Huainan Panji Coal Mining Subsidence Area, Anhui, China

  • Liugen ZhengEmail author
  • Xu Liu
  • Quan Tang
  • Jinping Ou
Article

Abstract

In this study, the provenance of anthropogenic lead, a major pollutant of surface sediments, was determined in Huainan Panji coal mining area. The lead concentrations and the pollution degree were investigated by the enrichment factor. Tessier five-step morphology extraction method was used to discuss its potential hazard. By comparing the lead isotope ratios of surface sediments and surrounding potential polluted end-members, the lead isotope ternary mixture model was appropriated to explore the sources and relative contribution fractions. The results showed that: (1) The lead concentrations ranged from 31.44 to 64.07 mg/kg which was mild-moderate pollution. (2) The chemical forms of lead were residue state > iron-manganese oxidation state > exchangeable state > organic state > carbonate state. (3) The anthropogenic lead in surface sediments originated from soil, vehicle exhaust, coal gangue. And the relative contribution fractions were 51.70%, 30.90%, and 17.40%.

Keywords

Coal-mining subsidence area Surface sediment Lead Isotope ratio 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was financially supported by the Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 41373108; 41702176), Science and Technology Development Project of Anhui Traffic and Navigation Engineering (Grant No. JTHW-2017K1). We acknowledge editors and reviewers for polishing the language of the paper and for in-depth discussion.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Resource and Environmental EngineeringAnhui UniversityHefeiChina
  2. 2.School of Life ScienceAnhui UniversityHefeiChina
  3. 3.National Engineering Laboratory of Coal Mine Ecological Environment ProtectionHuainanChina

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