The Effect of Environmental Factors on Total Arsenic Accumulation in Sarcodia suiae, Rhodophyta
Little is known about the effects of environmental factors on total arsenic (TAs) accumulation in marine Rhodophyta. The effects of five environmental factors (temperature, light intensity, pH, exposure duration, and phosphate) at various As(III) concentrations were investigated in Sarcodia suiae. The highest TAs accumulations were recorded at 25°C, a luminance of 80 µmol photons m−2 s−1, and a pH of 8. TAs uptake increased significantly over time. However, a higher phosphate concentration reduced TAs accumulation. These data show that the extent of TAs accumulation depends on various environmental factors. Hence, our results suggest a potential in arsenic recovery process in wastewater treatments. S. suiae may provide a new means of reducing levels of arsenic in contaminated water and may be used as a potential Rhodophyta model for investigating other types of heavy metal pollution in future.
KeywordsEnvironmental factors Rhodophyta Sarcodia suiae Sodium arsenite Total arsenic
This research was made possible by the support of Dr. Fan-Hua Nan, Director of the Traceability Certification and Inspection Center at National Taiwan Ocean University.
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