Potentially Toxic Metals in Soil and Dominant Plants from Tonglushan Cu–Fe Deposit, Central China

  • Huang Zheng
  • Zezhou Zhang
  • Xinli XingEmail author
  • Tianpeng Hu
  • Chengkai Qu
  • Wei Chen
  • Jiaquan Zhang


Twenty-one soil samples and two dominant plant species (Elsholtzia splendens and Imperata cylindrical) were collected in Tonglushan Cu–Fe deposit, central China. Chemical analysis results showed that the soil contained low-level nutrients and high concentrations of potentially toxic metals. The geoaccumulation index results indicated that the study area was polluted by Cu–Zn–Cd–Pb. The levels of Cu in plant species were highest, followed by Zn, Pb, and Cd. The highest levels of Zn (261 mg kg−1), Cd (6.33 mg kg−1) and Pb (12.6 mg kg−1) were found in the leaf of Elsholtzia splendens and the highest concentration of Cu (1158 mg kg−1) was found in the root of Imperata cylindrica. Potentially toxic metals uptake and accumulation abilities were investigated by the bioconcentration factor and translocation factor, respectively. The results suggested that the Elsholtzia splendens may be a suitable candidate for Cd clean up using phytoextraction.


Toxic metals Pollution level Phytoremediation Tonglushan Cu–Fe deposit 



This study was financially supported by the Open Research Fund of Joint Innovative Centre for Pollution Control and the Resource Utilization Technology in Mining Area, Hubei Polytechnic University (NO. xt201302), Open Research Fund of Hubei Key Laboratory of Mine Environmental Pollution Control & Remediation, Hubei Polytechnic University (NO. 201702 and NO. 201401), and Open Research Program of Laboratory of Basin Hydrology and Wetland Eco-restoration, China University of Geosciences (No. BHWER201503(A)).

Supplementary material

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Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 17 KB)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Huang Zheng
    • 1
    • 2
  • Zezhou Zhang
    • 3
  • Xinli Xing
    • 1
    • 2
    • 4
    Email author
  • Tianpeng Hu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Chengkai Qu
    • 5
  • Wei Chen
    • 2
    • 4
  • Jiaquan Zhang
    • 4
  1. 1.Laboratory of Basin Hydrology and Wetland Eco-restorationChina University of GeosciencesWuhanChina
  2. 2.School of Environmental StudiesChina University of GeosciencesWuhanChina
  3. 3.State Key Laboratory of Biogeology and Environmental GeologyChina University of GeosciencesWuhanChina
  4. 4.Hubei Key Laboratory of Mine Environmental Pollution Control & RemediationHubei Polytechnic UniversityHuangshiChina
  5. 5.Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Earth Surface System and Environmental Carrying Capacity, College of Urban and Environmental SciencesNorthwest UniversityXi’anChina

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