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Influence of Coastal Submarine Groundwater Discharges on Seagrass Communities in a Subtropical Karstic Environment

  • C. A. Kantún-Manzano
  • J. A. Herrera-Silveira
  • F. Arcega-CabreraEmail author
Article

Abstract

The influence of coastal submarine groundwater discharges (SGD) on the distribution and abundance of seagrass meadows was investigated. In 2012, hydrological variability, nutrient variability in sediments and the biotic characteristics of two seagrass beds, one with SGD present and one without, were studied. Findings showed that SGD inputs were related with one dominant seagrass species. To further understand this, a generalized additive model (GAM) was used to explore the relationship between seagrass biomass and environment conditions (water and sediment variables). Salinity range (21–35.5 PSU) was the most influential variable (85%), explaining why H. wrightii was the sole plant species present at the SGD site. At the site without SGD, GAM could not be performed since environmental variables could not explain a total variance of > 60%. This research shows the relevance of monitoring SGD inputs in coastal karstic areas since they significantly affect biotic characteristics of seagrass beds.

Keywords

Seagrass beds Submerged groundwater discharges Nutrients Generalized additive model 

Notes

Acknowledgements

UNAM-PAIP 5000-9146 provided financial support for the conduct of the research. Authors wish to thank the personnel of the Primary Production Laboratory and the Coastal Processes Laboratory at CINVESTAV-Mérida, particularly I. Osorio and J. Ramirez for their help with lab work. We thank Emmanuel Uc Sanchez for his help with data collection.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. A. Kantún-Manzano
    • 1
  • J. A. Herrera-Silveira
    • 1
  • F. Arcega-Cabrera
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados del IPN-MéridaMéridaMexico
  2. 2.Unidad de Química, Sisal, Facultad de QuímicaUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de MexicoSisalMexico
  3. 3.Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados del IPN-MéridaMéridaMexico

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