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Hydroponic Screening of Fast-growing Tree Species for Lead Phytoremediation Potential

Abstract

Using trees as phytoremediators has become a powerful tool to remediate lead from contaminated environments. This study aims to identify potential candidates among fast-growing trees by comparing their ability to tolerate and accumulate Pb. Cuttings from Acacia mangium, Azadirachta indica, Eucalyptus camaldulensis, and Senna siamea were cultured in 25% modified Hoagland’s solutions supplemented with 10, 30, and 50 mg/L Pb for 15 days. Lead concentrations were determined by a flame atomic absorption spectrophotometer. All species showed high Pb tolerance (over 78%) and low translocation factor (<1) in all treatments. The highest Pb content in roots (>40000 mg/kg) was recorded in A. mangium and E. camaldulensis grown in 50 mg/L Pb solution. Based on high biomass, tolerance index, and Pb content in plants, A. mangium and E. camaldulensis are good candidates for phytoremediation.

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Acknowledgements

The work was supported by the Royal Golden Jubilee Ph.D. program (RGJ) under the organization of the Thailand Research Fund (TRF), Grant No. PHD/0214/2556.

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Correspondence to Sandhya Babel.

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Yongpisanphop, J., Babel, S., Kruatrachue, M. et al. Hydroponic Screening of Fast-growing Tree Species for Lead Phytoremediation Potential. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 99, 518–523 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-017-2157-8

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Keywords

  • Metals
  • Woody plants
  • Bioaccumulation
  • Tolerance index